Exploration and survey of the valley of the Great Salt Lake of Utah, including a reconnoissance of a new route through the Rocky Mountains, Volume 1

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Lippincott, Grambo & Co., 1852 - America - 487 pages
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Page 126 - Iowa, grateful to the Supreme Being for the blessings hitherto enjoyed, and feeling our dependence on Him for a continuation of those blessings, do ordain and establish a free and independent government, by the name of the STATE OF IOWA...
Page 55 - We passed to-day the nearly consumed fragments of about a dozen wagons that had been broken up and burned by their owners; and near them was piled up in one heap from six to eight hundred weight of bacon, thrown away for want of means to transport it farther. Boxes, bonnets, trunks, wagonwheels, whole wagon-bodies, cooking utensils, and in fact almost every article of household furniture, were found from place to place along the prairie, abandoned for the same reason.
Page 223 - We met ninety -five waggons to-day, containing the advance of the Mormon emigration. Two large flocks of sheep were driven before the train ; and geese and turkeys had been conveyed in coops the whole distance, without apparent damage. One old gander poked his head out of his box, and hissed most energetically at every passer-by, as if to show that his spirit was still unbroken, notwithstanding his long confinement.
Page 126 - Through the city itself flows an unfailing stream of pure, sweet water, which, by an ingenious mode of irrigation, is made to traverse each side of every street, whence it is led into every garden-spot, spreading life, verdure, and beauty over what was heretofore a barren waste.
Page 126 - A city had been laid out upon a magnificent scale, being nearly four miles in length and three in breadth ; the streets at right angles with each other, eight rods or...
Page 121 - The founding, within the space of three years, of a large and flourishing community, upon a spot so remote from the abodes of man, so completely shut out by natural barriers from the rest of the world, so entirely unconnected by watercourses with either of the oceans that wash the shores of this continent...
Page 52 - The stock of this establishment consisted principally of such articles as the owner had purchased from the emigrants at a great sacrifice and sold to others at as great a profit. Among other things, an excellent double wagon was pointed out to me, which he had purchased for seventy-five cents. The blacksmith's shop was an equally profitable concern ; as, when the smith was indisposed to work himself, he rented the use of shop and tools for the modest price of seventyfive cents an hour, and it was...
Page 105 - Army Topographical Engineer Corps to survey Great Salt Lake. In October and November of that year, preliminary to the survey, he made a circuit of the shores of the lake. Stansbury found a vast stretch of level land adjoining the lake on the north and west: " 'This extensive flat appears to have formed, at one time, the northern portion of the lake, for it is now but slightly above its present level. Upon the slope of a ridge connected with this plain, thirteen distinct successive benches, or watermarks,...
Page 130 - ... spiritual administration of the church, that it would be impossible to separate the one from the other. The first civil governor under the constitution of the new State, elected by the people, was the president of the church, Brigham Young; the lieutenant-governor was his first ecclesiastical counselor, and the secretary of state his second counselor.
Page 40 - As we expected to find no water for the whole of this distance, the India-rubber bags were filled with a small supply. The road struck directly up the bluff, rising quite rapidly at first, then very gradually for twelve miles, when- we reached the summit, and a most magnificent view saluted the eye. Before and below us was the North Fork of the Nebraska, winding its way through broken hills and green meadows ; behind us the undulating prairie rising gently from the South Fork, over which we had just...

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