The Settlement Issue in Turkey and the Kurds: An Analysis of Spatical Policies, Modernity and War
In seeking to understand village evacuation in the Kurdistan region of Turkey in the 1980s and 1990s, this book focuses on the spatial aspects of the armed conflict. It tries to explain how settlement and resettlement policies and practices in Turkey have been part of a larger project of political and cultural engineering, based on a revision of a classical understanding of modernity as reflected in the work of Durkheim, Mauss, and Tönnies. This interdisciplinary perspective has allowed contributions from sociology to the political sciences and from history to social geography.
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Chapter One Introduction
Chapter Two Soldiers and Settlements Turkish CounterInsurgency and the Strategy of Environment Deprivation
Chapter Three Settling the Southeast The Rise and Fall of a Rehabilitation Doctrine
Chapter Four The Integrated Settlement Network Towards a New Spatial Organization of the Countryside
Chapter Five Settlement Issue and Settlement Activities The Colonization of Peoples and Territories
Chapter Six Claiming the Land Empirical Observation on the Ground
Abdullah Öcalan administrative agricultural Anatolia Ankara areas argued Armenian army authorities Beruk Bingöl Bülent Ecevit center-village centers century Christians civilian concept conﬂict considered counter-insurgency countryside cultural deﬁned deﬁnition difﬁcult displaced district ofﬁcer Diyarbakır province dönüms Ecevit economic established ethnic evacuation families ﬁeld ﬁgures ﬁrst ﬁve Gökalp governor guerrilla Hakkari hamlets houses İbrahim Paa idea implementation industrial inﬂuence inhabitants İnönü institutions integration İslamköy issue İstanbul Kadro kaymakam Köy Köymen Kurdish Kurdistan Kurds land Malatya Matrani ment migration military modern Muslim Mustafa nation-state ofﬁce ofﬁcial OHAL organization Ottoman Empire Partisi Party People’s policies political population Prime Minister production region resettlement rural settlements sancak settle settlement pattern settlement structure settlement type signiﬁcant Siirt small rural settlements social society Southeast Anatolia space spatial speciﬁcally strategy territory tion town Turkey Turkey’s Turkish armed forces Turkish nation Turks Ülkü urban village guards village return Ziya Ziya Gökalp