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The geographical social and historical background
The Ottoman Heyday
The rise and zenith of the Ottoman Empire
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Abbas Abdallah Abu'l-Dhahab administration Ahmad Pasha al-Ahsa al-Jazzar Aleppo allies amir Anatolia appointed Arab army Azeban Baghdad Bashir Basra Beirut beylicate Britain British government Cairo caliphate campaign chief Christian command conquest Cromer Damascus death defeated Druze dynasty Egyptian eighteenth century established European expedition faction Fakhr al-Din Faqariyya Faysal Fertile Crescent followed forces French governor of Damascus governorship grand vezir grandees Hashimite Hijaz Hurewitz Husayn Ibrahim Pasha Iraq Iraqi provinces Islam Isma'il Istanbul Janissaries khedive lands later Lebanese Lebanon London Mahmud Mamluk Mamluk sultanate Maronites ment military Murad Muslim Mustafa nationalist Nile officers Ottoman Empire Ottoman government Ottoman rule Ottoman sultan Palestine period Persian Pilgrimage political Qasimiyya regime Reign of Sultan revolt Ridwan ruler Sa'udi Safavid Selim Shah Shaykh Shihab Sidon successor Sudan Sulayman Sykes-Picot Agreement Syria territory tion tribal tribes troops Turkish ulama Upper Egypt viceroy Wahhabi western Fertile Crescent Yusuf Zahir