Weather by the Numbers
For much of the first half of the twentieth century, meteorology was more art than science, dependent on an individual forecaster's lifetime of local experience. In Weather by the Numbers, Kristine Harper tells the story of the transformation of meteorology from a "guessing science" into a sophisticated scientific discipline based on physics and mathematics. What made this possible was the development of the electronic digital computer; earlier attempts at numerical weather prediction had foundered on the human inability to solve nonlinear equations quickly enough for timely forecasting. After World War II, the combination of an expanded observation network developed for military purposes, newly trained meteorologists, savvy about math and physics, and the nascent digital computer created a new way of approaching atmospheric theory and weather forecasting. This transformation of a discipline, Harper writes, was the most important intellectual achievement of twentieth-century meteorology, and paved the way for the growth of computer-assisted modeling in all the sciences.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
The Weather Services before World War II
Discipline Development in the Interwar Period 19191938
The War Years 19391945
Scientific Goals Civilian Manpower and Military Funding 19441948
CarlGustav Rossby and the Scandinavian Connection 19481950
6 Creating a Realistic Atmosphere 19501952
academic advance Air Force Air Force’s Air Weather Service American Meteorological Society analysis Ångström Army atmospheric aviation baroclinic model barotropic barotropic model Bergen School Bolin Byers Charney’s Chicago Chief climatology Cressman Department difﬁculties electronic Eliassen ENIAC equations ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁrst Fjørtoft ﬂight ﬂow funding Geophysics Research Harry Wexler Hoc Group IAS computer Ibid inﬂuence Institute Jacob Bjerknes JCS/JMC JNWPU John von Neumann Joint Numerical Weather Joseph Smagorinsky Jule Charney machine mathematics meeting meteo Meteorological Instruction meteorological research meteorology programs Meteorology Project methods military Navy Navy’s needed numerical forecasting numerical weather prediction observations ofﬁcers operational numerical weather personnel Petterssen physics Platzman Princeton group professional project members Reichelderfer Report rology Rossby to Charney Rossby’s Science scientiﬁc Signal Corps signiﬁcant Stockholm sufﬁcient synoptic team members techniques theoretical theory Thompson tion University upper-air wanted WBAN Weather Bureau weather forecasting weather map Weather Prediction Unit