Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology

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University of California Press, 1978 - Business & Economics - 1469 pages
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Max Weber's Economy and Society is the greatest sociological treatise written in this century. Published posthumously in Germany in the early 1920's, it has become a constitutive part of the modern sociological imagination. Economy and Society was the first strictly empirical comparison of social structures and normative orders in world-historical depth, containing the famous chapters on social action, religion, law, bureaucracy, charisma, the city, and the political community with its dimensions of class, status and power.

Economy and Status is Weber's only major treatise for an educated general public. It was meant to be a broad introduction, but in its own way it is the most demanding textbook yet written by a sociologist. The precision of its definitions, the complexity of its typologies and the wealth of its historical content make the work a continuos challenge at several levels of comprehension: for the advanced undergraduate who gropes for his sense of society, for the graduate student who must develop his own analytical skills, and for the scholar who must match wits with Weber.

When the long-awaited first complete English edition of Economy and Society was published in 1968, Arthur Stinchcombe wrote in the American Journal of Sociology: "My answer to the question of whether people should still start their sociological intellectual biographies with Economy and Society is yes." Reinhard Bendix noted in the American Sociological Review that the "publication of a compete English edition of Weber's most systematic work [represents] the culmination of a cultural transmission to the American setting...It will be a study-guide and compendium for years to come for all those interested in historical sociology and comparative study."

In a lengthy introduction, Guenther Roth traces the intellectual prehistory of Economy and Society, the gradual emergence of its dominant themes and the nature of its internal logic.

Mr. Roth is a Professor of Sociology at Columbia University. Mr. Wittich heads an economic research group at the United Nations.
 

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Contents

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
xxv
PARLIAMENT AND GOVERNMENT IN A RECONSTRUCTED
xxix
Feudalism Stdndestaat and Patrimonialism 1070
xxxi
INTRODUCTION by Guenther Roth
xxxiii
Sect Church and Democracy 1204
xxxiv
BUREAUCRACY 956
xxxvi
Hi THE PATRICIAN CITY IN THE MIDDLE AGES
xl
Chapter XVI
xli
The Concept of Trade and Its Principal FormsContinued157
157
29a The Concept of Trade and Its Principal FormsConcluded
159
Notes 939
160
The Conditions of Maximum Formal Rationality of Capital Accounting
161
The Principal Modes of Capitalistic Orientation of ProfitMaking
164
Currency Money
166
Restricted Money
174
Note Money
176

PATRIARCHAL1SM AND PATRMON1ALISM 1006
lxii
Notes 1296
lxiv
The Structure of Economy and Society
lxvi
Chapter 1
lxxxi
FORMAL AND SUBSTANTIVE RATIONALIZATIONTHEOCRATIC
lxxxii
POLITICAL COMMUNITIES 901
lxxxiii
The Destruction of Patrician Rule Through the Sworn Confraternity 1301
xcviii
THE CITY NONLEGITIMATE DOMINATION
xcix
Parliament and Government in a Reconstructed Germany 1381
civ
CONCEPTUAL EXPOSITION ChapterI
1
Basic Sociological Terms
3
The Definitions of Sociology and of Social Action
4
INDEX
8
The Maintenance of Patrimonial Officials Benefices in Kind
10
Acknowledgements
13
b Social Action
22
Types of Social Action
24
The Concept of Social Relationship
26
Usage Custom Selfinterest
29
Legitimate Order
31
Convention and Law
33
Tradition Faith Enactment
36
Conflict Competition Selection
38
Communal and Associative Relationships
40
Open and Closed Relationships
43
Representation and Mutual Responsibility
46
The Organization
48
Consensual and Imposed Order in Organizations
50
Administrative and Regulative Order
51
Enterprise Formal Organization Voluntary and Compulsory Association
52
Power and Domination
53
Political and Hierocratic Organizations
54
Notes
56
Chapter II
61
Sociological Categories of Economic Action
63
The Concept of Utility
68
Modes of the Economic Orientation of Action
69
Typical Measures of Rational Economic Action
71
Types of Economic Organizations
74
Media of Exchange Means of Payment Money
75
The Primary Consequences of the Use of Money Credit
80
The Market
82
Formal and Substantive Rationality of Economic Action
85
The Rationality of Monetary Accounting Management and Budgeting
86
The Concept and Types of ProfitMaking The Role of Capital
90
Calculations in Kind
100
Substantive Conditions of Formal Rationality in a Money Economy
107
Market Economies and Planned Economies
109
Types of Economic Division of Labor
114
Types of the Technical Division of Labor
118
Types of the Technical Division of LaborContinued
120
Social Aspects of the Division of Labor
122
Social Aspects of the Division of LaborContinued
125
The Appropriation of the Material Means of Production
130
The Appropriation of Managerial Functions
136
The Expropriation of Workers from the Means of Production
137
The Expropriation of Workers from the Means of Production Continued
139
The Concept of Occupation and Types of Occupational Structure
140
24a The Principal Forms of Appropriation and of Market Relationship
144
Conditions Underlying the Calculability of the Productivity of Labor
150
Forms of Communism
153
Capital Goods and Capital Accounting 1 54
154
The Concept of Trade and Its Principal Forms
156
The Formal and Substantive Validity of Money
178
Methods and Aims of Monetary Policy
180
A Critical Note on the State Theory of Money
184
The NonMonetary Significance of Political Bodies for the Economic Order
193
The Financing of Political Bodies
194
Repercussions of Public Financing on Private Economic Activity
199
The Influence of Economic Factors on the Formation of Organizations
201
The Mainspring of Economic Activity
202
Notes 206
206
THE TYPES OF LEGITIMATE DOMINATION
212
The Three Pure Types of Authority
215
U LEGAL AUTHORITY WITH A BUREAUCRATIC ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF
217
The Pure TypeContinued
220
Monocratic Bureaucracy
223
Types of Patrimonial Codification 856
236
THE ROUTINIZATION OF CHARISMA
246
FEUDALISM STANDESTAAT AND PATRIMONIALISM 1070
248
FEUDALISM
255
Combinations of the Different Types of Authority
262
COLLEGIALITY AND THE DIVISION OF POWERS
271
The Functionally Specific Division of Powers
282
DIRECT DEMOCRACY AND REPRESENTATIVE ADMINISTRATION
289
Representation by the Agents of Interest Groups
297
Notes 954
299
Excursus on Collegiate Bodies and Interest Groups 994
305
THE ECONOMY AND SOCIAL NORMS
311
The Economy and Social Norms 3 11
312
The Economic Relationships of Organized Groups
339
The Origins of Discipline in War 11 50
354
Household Neighborhood and Kin Group
356
Household Enterprise and Oikos
370
Ethnic Groups
385
Religious Groups The Sociology of Religion
399
Canonical Writings Dogmas and Scriptural Religion
457
POLITICAL AND H1EROCRATIC DOMINATION 1158
463
Preaching and Pastoral Care as Results of Prophetic Religion
464
THE FORMAL QUALITIES OF REVOLUTIONARY
469
Aristocratic Irreligion versus Warring for the Faith
472
The French Civil Code 865
480
The Religious Disinclinations of Slaves Day Laborers and the Modern
484
The Differential Function of Salvation Religion for Higher and Lower
490
INDEX
495
Notes
499
The Religious Impact of Proletarian PettyBourgeois and Pariah
507
Elite and Mass Intellectualism in Medieval Christianity
513
Predestination and Providence
522
Notes
529
Salvation Through Good Works
532
The Certainty of Grace and the Religious Virtuosi
538
Mysticism versus Asceticism
544
The Decisive Differences Between Oriental and Occidental Salvation
551
SOTERIOLOGY OR SALVATION FROM OUTSIDE
557
Salvation Through Faith Alone and Its AntiIntellectual Consequences
563
Salvation Through Belief in Predestination
572
Familial Piety Neighborly Help and Compensation
579
Tensions and Compromises Between Ethics and Politics
593
Notes
601
The Tensions between Ethical Religion and Art
607
Jewish Rationalism versus Puritan Asceticism
615
The ThisWorldliness of Islam and Its Economic Ethics
623
Jesus Indifference Toward the World
630
Its Impersonality and Ethic Fragment
635
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About the author (1978)

Max Weber, a German political economist, legal historian, and sociologist, had an impact on the social sciences that is difficult to overestimate. According to a widely held view, he was the founder of the modern way of conceptualizing society and thus the modern social sciences. His major interest was the process of rationalization, which characterizes Western civilization---what he called the "demystification of the world." This interest led him to examine the three types of domination or authority that characterize hierarchical relationships: charismatic, traditional, and legal. It also led him to the study of bureaucracy; all of the world's major religions; and capitalism, which he viewed as a productof the Protestant ethic. With his contemporary, the French sociologist Emile Durkheim---they seem not to have known each other's work---he created modern sociology.

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