Introduction to Stellar Winds

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, Jun 17, 1999 - Science - 438 pages
This long-awaited graduate textbook, written by two pioneers in the field, provides a comprehensive introduction to the observations, theories, and consequences of stellar winds. The rates of mass loss and the wind velocities are explained from basic physical principles. This textbook also includes chapters clearly explaining the formation and evolution of interstellar bubbles and the effects of mass loss on the evolution of high- and low-mass stars. Each topic is introduced simply to explain the basic processes and then developed to provide a solid foundation for understanding current research. This authoritative textbook is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate students and researchers seeking an understanding of stellar winds and, more generally, supersonic flows from astrophysical objects. It is based on courses taught in Europe and the United States over the past twenty years and includes seventy problems for coursework or self-study.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Historical overview
1
12 Chronology of the development of the subject of stellar winds
5
13 Conclusions
6
14 Suggested reading
7
Observations of stellar winds
8
21 The formation of spectral lines in stellar winds
10
22 P Cygni profiles
13
23 Emission lines from winds
21
87 Line driven winds in the point source limit
214
88 A physical explanation of the line driven wind models
224
89 The correction for the finite size of the star
226
810 Multiple scattering
233
811 Wind blanketing
237
812 Rotating line driven winds
238
813 The instability of line driven winds
240
814 Conclusions
244

24 The infrared and radio excess from stellar winds
25
25 Molecular emission lines from the winds of cool stars
31
26 The infrared and millimeter radiation from dust
39
27 Mass loss rates and terminal velocities of winds from hot stars
46
28 Mass loss rates and terminal velocities of winds from cool stars
52
29 Conclusions
57
210 Suggested reading
58
Basic concepts isothermal winds
60
32 Isothermal winds with an 𝒇 r force
70
33 Isothermal winds with an 𝒇 vdvdr force
78
34 Isothermal winds with general additional forces
80
35 The analogy of rocket nozzles
82
36 Conclusions about isothermal winds
90
37 Suggested reading
91
nonisothermal winds
92
41 Winds with momentum and energy deposition
93
42 Polytropic winds
102
43 The critical point of momentum equations with multiple zeropoints
110
44 Conclusions about nonisothermal winds
114
45 Suggested reading
115
Coronal winds
116
51 The energy of a coronal wind with heat conduction
117
52 The momentum equation
119
53 The calculation of coronal wind models
121
55 Mass loss rates and terminal velocities of coronal winds
123
56 Conclusions
124
57 Suggested reading
125
6 Sound wave driven winds
126
62 The acoustic wave luminosity
129
63 The pressure due to acoustic waves
132
64 Sound wave driven winds without dissipation
133
65 Sound wave driven winds with dissipation
139
67 Suggested reading
140
Dust driven winds
141
71 The physical processes of dust driven winds
143
72 The momentum of a continuum driven wind
147
73 Dust grain opacities
150
74 The temperature of grains and the wind inner boundary
157
75 Combined dust and gas flow
161
76 The mass loss rate of a dust driven wind
164
77 The supersonic structure of dust driven winds
166
78 Limits on the mass loss rates of dust driven winds
170
79 Conclusions
178
710 Suggested reading
179
Line driven winds
181
81 Physical processes in line driven winds
182
82 The energy and momentum of line driven winds
187
83 The absorption of photons in an expanding atmosphere
192
84 The Sobolev approximation
195
85 The radiative acceleration due to spectral lines
200
86 A realistic estimate of the radiative force due to lines
208
815 Suggested reading
245
Magnetic rotator theory
247
91 The equatorial wind theory
249
92 The angular momentum and energy constants
253
93 Angular momentum transfer
255
94 The purely radial wind equations
256
95 Magnetic energy transfer
257
96 Solution of the radial equation of motion
260
97 The fast magnetic rotator equations
265
98 The spin down times
276
99 Magnetic rotators in combination with other wind forces
278
910 Conclusions
281
911 Suggested reading
282
Alfven wave driven winds
284
101 The wind equations with a varying transverse B field
286
l02 The propagation of Alfven waves
290
l03 The radial momentum equation
294
104 Cold Alfven wave driven winds
297
105 Conclusions
306
106 Suggested reading
307
Outflowing disks from rotating stars
309
111 Stars with ouflowing disks
310
112 Outflowing disks formed by rotation induced bistability
311
113 The wind compression model
321
114 Disk formation
334
115 2D hydrodynamical results
337
116 Conclusions
339
117 Suggested reading
341
Winds colliding with the interstellar medium
343
121 The structure of windISM interaction regions
344
122 The evolution of a wind bubble
350
123 The snowplow expansion of a wind bubble
353
124 Ring nebulae around WolfRayet and newly formed O stars
358
125 Planetary nebulae
360
126 The deposition of mass and energy into the ISM
365
127 Conclusions
370
128 Suggested reading
371
The effects of mass loss on stellar evolution
373
132 The evolution of a 60 M star with mass loss
376
133 The evolution of a 3 M star with mass loss
379
134 Conclusions
385
Problems
386
141 Answers
395
The chronology of stellar wind studies
397
Elements of thermodynamics
404
De IHopitals rule for equations with a singular point
409
Physical and constants
411
Bibliography
412
Object index
421
Index
422
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information