A Voyage of Discovery Towards the North Pole: Performed in His Majesty's Ships Dorothea and Trent, Under the Command of Captain David Buchan, R.N.; 1818; to which is Added, a Summary of All the Early Attempts to Reach the Pacific by Way of the Pole
Account of expedition in search of North Pole led by D. Buchan in 1818. Sailed to Svalbard, where beset, and put into harbour. Traced pack ice edge towards Greenland. Also includes chronology of early attempts to reach the Pacific by way of the Pole.
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able Amsterdam Island anchor anchorage animals appear Arctic attempt Barentz bears boats body of ice Cape Captain Buchan Captain Phipps Cherie Island Cloven Cliff coast of Spitzbergen command course crew Dane's Island danger David Buchan determined difficulty direction discovery distance Dorothea drift Dutch eastward effect endeavour England expedition Fair Haven favourable feet floes fortunate gale of wind glacier Greenland height hope Hudson Hugh Willoughby Jan Mayen land latitude leagues length Lerwick Magdalena Bay mass miles mountains Muscovy Company navigator nearly North Cape northern northward Norway Nova Zembla observations occasion occasionally open sea pack party pass passage pendulum pieces of ice Pole present proceed reach Red Bay remarkable sailed seamen seen Seven Islands ships shore side Sir Edward Parry situation snow soon southward succeeded surface Table Island tion Trent vessel voyage Waigatz walruses ward weather westward whale whilst winter
Page 6 - You are hereby required and directed to proceed with the said two sloops directly to the Cape of Good Hope, unless you shall judge it necessary to stop at Madeira, the Cape de Verd or Canary Islands, to take in wine for the use of their companies; in which case you are at liberty to do so...
Page 57 - ... matter would displace and hurl down the precipitous declivity, to the utter destruction of him who depended upon their support, or who might happen to be in their path below. The latter part of our ascent was, indeed, much against our inclination ; but we found it impossible to descend by the way we had come up, and were compelled to gain a ledge.* which promised the only secure resting-place we could find at that height. This we were able to, effect by sticking the tomahawks with which we were...
Page 41 - Trent), and formed a complete casing to the planks, which received an additional layer at each plunge of the vessel. So great, indeed, was the accumulation about the bows, that we were obliged to cut it away repeatedly with axes to relieve the bowsprit from the enormous weight that was attached to it ; and the ropes were so thickly covered with ice, that it was necessary to beat them with large sticks to keep them in a state of readiness for any evolution that might be rendered necessary, either...
Page 156 - This occurred on a remarkably fine day, when the quietness of the bay was first interrupted by the noise of the falling body. Lieutenant Franklin and myself had approached one of these stupendous walls of ice and were endeavoring to search into the innermost recess of a deep cavern that was near the foot of the glacier, when we heard a report as of a cannon, and, turning to the quarter whence it proceeded, we perceived an immense piece of the front...
Page 94 - The wound proved mortal, and the animal fell back amongst his companions, who immediately desisted from the attack, assembled round him, and in a moment quitted the boat, swimming away as hard as they could with their leader, whom they actually bore up with their tusks, and assiduously preserved from sinking.
Page 195 - for travelling, we breakfasted upon warm cocoa and biscuit, and after stowing the things in the boats and on the sledges, so as to secure them as much as possible from wet, we set off on our day's journey, and usually travelled from five to five and a half hours, then stopped an hour te dine, and again travelled four, five, or even six hours, according to circumstances.
Page 38 - The rays were too oblique to illuminate more than the inequalities of the floes, and falling thus partially on the grotesque shapes, either really assumed by the ice or distorted by the unequal refraction of the atmosphere, so betrayed the imagination that it required no great exertion of fancy to trace in various directions architectural edifices, grottos and caves here and there flittering as if with precious metals.
Page 20 - ... upon your arrival in England, you are immediately to repair to this office in order to lay before us a full account of your proceedings in the whole course of your voyage...
Page 59 - ... sincerity. The exact nature of the prayer we did not learn, but it was no doubt one of thanksgiving, and we concluded it was a custom which these recluses were in the habit of observing on their safe return to their habitation. It may, at all events, be regarded as an instance of the beneficial effects which seclusion from the busy world, and a contemplation of the works of nature, almost invariably produce upon the hearts of even the most uneducated part of mankind.
Page 82 - ... drew his greasy carcass upon the ice, where he rolled about for a time, and at length laid himself down to sleep. A bear, which had probably been observing his movements, crawled carefully upon the ice on the opposite side of the pool, and began to roll about also, but apparently more with design than amusement, as he progressively lessened the distance that intervened between him and his prey.