Dada East: The Romanians of Cabaret Voltaire
Dada—perhaps the most famous and outrageous of modernism's artistic movements—is said to have begun at the Cabaret Voltaire, a literary evening staged at the restaurant Meierei in Zurich on February 5, 1916. The evening featured stamping, roaring, banging on the lids of pots and pans, and the recitation of incomprehensible "poemes simultanes" Thus a global revolution in art and culture was born in a Swiss restaurant. Or was it?
In Dada East, Tom Sandqvist shows that Dada did not spring full-grown from a Zurich literary salon but grew out of an already vibrant artistic tradition in Eastern Europe—particularly Romania—that was transposed to Switzerland when a group of Romanian modernists settled in Zurich. Bucharest and other cities in Romania had been the scene of Dada-like poetry, prose, and spectacle in the years before World War I. One of the leading lights was Tristan Tzara, who began his career in avant-garde literature at fifteen when he cofounded the magazine Simbolul. Tzara—who himself coined the term "Dada," inspired by an obscure connection of his birthday to an Orthodox saint—was at the Cabaret Voltaire that night, along with fellow Romanians Marcel, Jules, and Georges Janco and Arthur Segal. It's not a coincidence, Sandqvist argues, that so many of the first dadaist group were Romanians. Sandqvist traces the artistic and personal transformations that took place in the "little Paris of the Balkans" before they took center stage elsewhere, finding sources as varied as symbolism, futurism, and folklore. He points to a connection between Romanian modernists and the Eastern European Yiddish tradition; Tzara, the Janco brothers, and Segal all grew up within Jewish culture and traditions.
For years, the communist authorities in Romania disowned and disavowed Romania's avant-garde movements. Now, as archives and libraries are opening to Western scholars, Tom Sandqvist tells the secret history of Dada's Romanian roots.
15 pages matching Ion Luca Caragiale in this book
Results 1-3 of 15
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Marcel Iancu Becomes Marcel Janco 65
Little Paris of the Balkans 101
8 other sections not shown
absurd According Adrian Maniu Alexandru already Aron Sigalu Arthur Segal artists Ascona Berlin Bogza Botosani Brancusi Bucharest Cabaret Voltaire Cafe Calea century characterized Chemarea collection of poems contemporary Contimporanul costume culture Dada dadaists dance dressed Eastern Europe Emmy Hennings European everything exhibition in Bucharest expression fact French futurist German Gheorghe grotesque Hasidism Hugo Ball Iancu Iasi Ibid Ilarie Voronca inspired instance intellectual Ion Luca Caragiale Ion Vinea Janco brothers Jewish Jews jokes journal language later literature living Macedonski magazine manifesto Mansbach Marcel Janco Marinetti masks Mattis-Teutsch Max Herman Maxy Meierei Mihai Minulescu modern Moldavia Munich Nicolae painting Paris peasant percent performed play poet poetry political popular Răileanu Richard Huelsenbeck Romanian avant-garde Samuel Rosenstock Sandqvist Seiwert Simbolul social soiree songs stories Strada symbolist theater town tradition trans Tristan Tzara Urmuz Victor Brauner village words writers Yiddish young zaddiks Zurich