The Conception of Value
The works of Paul Grice collected in this volume present his metaphysical defense of value, and represent a modern attempt to provide a metaphysical foundation for value. Value judgments are viewed as objective; value is part of the world we live in, but nonetheless is constructed by us. We inherit, or seem to inherit, the Aristotelian world in which objects and creatures are characterized in terms of what they are supposed to do. We are thereby enabled to evaluate by reference to function and finality. The most striking part of Grice's position, however, is his contention that the legitimacy of such evaluations rests ultimately on an argument for absolute value.
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Introduction by Judith Baker
The Carus Lectures on the Conception of Value
Method in Philosophical Psychology From
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absolute value acceptance anti-objectivist application argument from queerness Aristotle attitudes attribute behaviour believes biological type called capacity Carus lectures categorical imperatives claim Conception of Value concern condition construction routines definiens dichotomy entities essential properties ethics example explanation feature finality Foot's genitor Grice Homo sapiens humans Humean Projection hypothetical imperatives idea interpretation introduced judging justified Kant kind least legitimate logical Mackie Mackie's mechanist meta metaphysical construction metaphysical evolution Metaphysical Transubstantiation moral motivation natural notion of value numbers objective values objectivism objectivist op-states operation particular Paul Grice perhaps persons Philippa Foot philosophical psychology position possible principles procedure programme psychological concepts psychological theory questions rational demand reason regard relation relativization scepticism second-order seems sequence sort specific stage substances suggest suppose theoretical thesis things thought tion transcendental argument truth truth conditions type of pirot valuations value judgements vitalist vulgar valuer