Prevention of Disease and Care of the Sick and Injured: Medical Handbook for the Use of Lighthouse Vessels and Stations, 1915

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1915 - First aid in illness and injury - 116 pages

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Page 91 - ... his back, give him a sudden pull, and this will cause him to float, then throw yourself on your back also and swim for the shore, both hands having hold of his hair, you on your back and he also on his, and of course his back to your stomach. In this way you will get sooner and safer ashore than by any other means, and you can easily thus swim with two or three persons...
Page 92 - The skin, unless it is wet, offers high resistance to the current. Hope of restoring the victim lies in prompt and continued use of artificial respiration. The reasons for this statement are: (a) The body continuously depends on an exchange of air, as shown by the fact that we must breathe in and out about fifteen times a minute.
Page 90 - Before jumping in to save him, divest yourself as far and as quickly as possible of all clothes; tear them off, if necessary; but if there is not time, loose at all events the foot of your drawers, if they are tied, as, if you do not do so, they fill with water and drag you.
Page 91 - ... it. As soon as a drowning man begins to get feeble and to lose his recollection, he gradually slackens his hold until he quits it altogether. No apprehension need, therefore, be felt on that head when attempting to rescue a drowning person.
Page 92 - If the bare skin of the victim must be touched by your hands, be sure to cover them with rubber gloves, mackintosh, rubber sheeting or dry cloth; or stand on a dry board or on some other dry insulating surface.
Page 31 - DELIRIUM TREMENS. Delirium tremens occurs as an incident in the life of persons addicted to the excessive use, or rather to the abuse, of intoxicating liquors. Loss of appetite, sleeplessness, or a marked mental depression are the chief symptoms of the first stage of the affection which is known among drunkards as
Page 61 - In severe cases amputation may be necessary to save life, and in all casŤ the patient should be placed under the care of a surgeon as soon as possible. FRACTURE OF THE LOWER JAW Fracture of the lower jaw may be simple, compound, or comminuted. The mucous membrane of the mouth is nearly always lacerated, the bleeding is usually not severe (oozing only), but there may be hemorrhage from an artery (the inferior dental), saliva dribbles from the half open mouth, the teeth may be out of line, pain is...
Page 9 - ... vermin. (c) A patient sick of a communicable disease should be isolated and one member of the crew detailed for his care and comfort, who, if practicable, should be immune to the disease. (d) Communication between the patient or his nurse and other persons on board should be reduced to a minimum.
Page 91 - After a person has sunk to the bottom, if the water be smooth, the exact position where the body lies may be known by the air bubbles, which will occasionally rise to the surface, allowance being of course made for the motion of the water, if in a tideway or stream, which will have carried the bubbles out of a perpendicular course in rising to the surface.
Page 43 - Epsom salts should be given to keep the bowels open. The patient should be kept in bed for a few days after the symptoms have subsided. The duration of the disease is very uncertain. The acute symptoms may subside in a few days and the patient may be up and about in a week or ten days, but relapses are common and the acute may pass into the subacute or chronic form.

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