Current Trends in Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers
With significant progress made in recent years, vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) have emerged as potential lightwave sources with a variety of applications, including high speed optical interconnects, parallel data links, optical recording, 2-D scanning, and optical signal processing. This volume, which contains a collection of articles by outstanding experts on this topic, encompasses a broad discussion of the current trends in the development of VCSELs. Discussions include material growths, structure designs, processing methods, performance analysis, improvement strategies, and future prospects. The collection provides a comprehensive overview that may help newcomers to this field as well as engineers and researchers who are engaged in the research and development of this new exciting device family.
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Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers with Dielectric Mirrors 15
Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division
HighPerformance Producible VerticalCavity Lasers for Optical
Epitaxial Design and Performance of AlGaInP Red 650690 nm VCSELS 97
Thermal Effects in VerticalCavity SurfaceEmitting Lasers 139
Reliability of Proton Implanted Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers 203
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achieved active region AlGaInP Appl applications arrays calculated carrier cavity surface emitting characteristics curves demonstrated density dependence deposition devices diameter dielectric distribution doping effects efficiency electrical Electron emission epitaxial etching fabricated Figure GaAs gain given grown growth heat sources heterostructure higher IEEE implant improved increase injection interfaces laser diodes lasing lateral layers Lett losses low threshold lower material measured mirror mode observed obtained operation optical output power peak performance periods Photon Phys polarization profiles pulsed pumping quantum range red VCSELs reduced reflectivity reflectors relative room temperature semiconductor shown in Fig shows single structure substrate surface emitting lasers temperature thermal conductivity thermal resistance thickness threshold current typical uniform VCSEL vertical cavity surface vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers voltage wafer wavelength