The Philippines: Current Issues and Historical Background
Harry S. Calit
Nova Science Publishers, Jan 1, 2003 - Political Science - 237 pages
The Philippines, reported home of several terrorist groups and the site of innumerable bombings in recent years, presents a rather bright contrast to other countries in Asia. The Philippines includes over 7,100 islands, but most of the land area is shared among the 11 largest islands. The majority of Philippine people are of Malay stock, descendants of Indonesians and Malays who migrated to the islands long before the Christian era. The most significant ethnic minority group is the Chinese, who have played an important role in commerce since the ninth century, when they first came to the islands to trade. As a result of intermarriage, many Filipinos have some Chinese and Spanish ancestry. Americans and Spaniards constitute the next largest alien minorities in the country. About 90% of the people are Christian; most were converted and westernised to varying degrees during nearly 400 years of Spanish and American rule. The major non-Hispanicised groups are the Muslim population, concentrated in the Sulu Archipelago and in central and western Mindanao, and the mountain groups of northern Luzon. Small forest tribes live in the more remote areas of Mindanao. About 87 native languages and dialects are spoken, all belonging to the Malay-Polynesian linguistic family. About 40 percent of the population lives in poverty while a wealthy minority holds most political power.
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PhilippineU S Security Relations
Religious Freedom in the Philippines
Facts at a Glance
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1987 constitution Abu Sayyaf administration agreement agricultural Aguinaldo American approximately archipelago areas armed forces army barangay bases Benigno Aquino Catholic Central Luzon Chinese Christian church civilian Clark Air Base coconut colonial Command Commission Congress Corazon Corazon Aquino counterinsurgency country's coup attempt CPP's debt Defense democratic Development early economic election elite Enrile established exports Filipinos foreign Glossary groups growth guerrilla hectares increased independence industry Integrated National Police investment Islamic islands labor land reform late leaders Liberation major Marcos Marcos's martial law mestizos Metro Manila MILF million Mindanao MNLF Moro movement Muslim Nacionalista Nacionalista Party National Police officers operations organization party percent Philippine Constabulary Philippine government Philippine military political population president presidential production provinces rebels region religious role rural sector Senate social Spanish Sulu Archipelago Tagalog troops U.S. military United urban