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40 feet ancient angle aperture appears Arabs architectural Assyrian Babylon Babylonian Baghdad baked bricks bas-relief base bearing bitumen brickwork British Museum Buariah building built buttresses cemented centre chamber clay coffins Colonel Rawlinson colour columns cone-bricks cones conical mounds covered cuneiform characters dead deposited described desert discovered at Warkah discovery distance east edge edifice enclosure entrance Erech Euphrates excavations exterior facade feet high feet long feet wide figures fragments front glazed Greek head-dress height HIMYARITIC hole inches long inscribed inscription Kalat kiln-baked bricks layer Mesopotamia miles Mosul Mugeyer Necropolis Nineveh north-east north-west Nuffayji ornamental Parthian peculiar period Persian pieces pile plaster platform portion probably racter ravine relics remains remarkable resemblance Royal Asiatic Society rubbish rude ruins of Warkah Sassanian scoria Shat similar Sinkara south-east sides south-west summit sun-dried bricks surface tablets terra-cotta terrace Tigris traced trenches triangular stamp unbaked brick vases vault vitrified Wuswas
Page 47 - ... being apparently an acknowledgment of liability by private parties for certain amounts of gold and silver. The more formal documents, however, seemed to be notes issued by the Government, for the convenience of circulation, representing a certain value, which was always expressed in measures of weight, of gold or silver, and redeemable on presentation at the Royal Treasury.
Page 15 - Wuswas facade settles this point beyond dispute. Upon the lower portion of the building are groups of seven half-columns repeated seven times — the rudest perhaps which were ever reared, but built of moulded semicircular bricks, and securely bonded to the wall. The entire absence of cornice, capital, base, or diminution of shaft, so characteristic of other columnar architecture, and the peculiar and original disposition of each group in rows like palm logs, suggest the type from which they sprang.
Page 1 - ... confirmatory of the conjecture that it commemorates the second-mentioned city of Nimrod. Yet it is possible that it may represent only the Orchoe of the Chaldeans instead of Umgeyer or Mugeyer, a ruin hitherto unknown or undescribed, and which by some is conceived to occupy the ground of that city; while, on the other hand, the term Orchoe may be nothing more than a modification of the ancient Erech, and Workha or Irkha a more modern pronunciation of both.
Page 17 - ... Spanish invasion. It is that which is likely to originate among a rude people before the introduction of the arts." The interior of the same building exhibited courts, with chambers on either side, the arrangement of which resembled, in a remarkable manner, that of the Assyrian palaces, as respected want of uniformity in size and shape, and the position of the doorways at the sides rather than the center of the rooms. The flank walls were thicker or slighter in proportion to the width of the...
Page 7 - ... ancient relics at his feet. An irregular circle, nearly six miles in circumference, is defined by the traces of an earthen rampart; in some places forty feet high. An extensive platform of undulating mounds, brown and scorched by the burning sun, and cut up by innumerable channels and ravines, extends, in a general direction north and south, almost up to the wall, and occupies the greatest part of the enclosed area. As at Niffar, a wide channel divides the platform into two unequal parts, which...
Page 50 - The whole visible surface of the coffins is covered with a thick glazing of rich green enamel on the exterior, and of blue within the aperture : the latter was probably the original colour of the whole, but it lias changed from chemical decomposition and long exposure.