In the Name of Science: Issues in Responsible Animal Experimentation

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Oxford University Press, Jul 8, 1993 - Medical - 312 pages
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Few arguments in biomedical experimentation have stirred such heated debate in recent years as those raised by animal research. In this comprehensive analysis of the social, political, and ethical conflicts surrounding the use of animals in scientific experiments, Barbara Orlans judges both ends of the spectrum in this debate -- unconditional approval or rejection of animal experimentation -- to be untenable. Instead of arguing for either view, she thoughtfully explores the ground between the extremes, and convincingly makes the case for public policy reforms that serve to improve the welfare of laboratory animals without jeopardizing scientific endeavor. This book presents controversial issues in a balanced manner based on careful historical analysis and original research. Different mechanisms of oversight for animal experiments are compared and those that have worked well are identified. This compelling work will be of interest to biomedical scientists, ethicists, animal welfare advocates and other readers concerned with this critical issue.
 

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Contents

The Beginnings of Institutionalized Animal Experimentation NineteenthCentury Highlights
3
Current Attitudes and Ethical Arguments
20
Major Issues
35
Legislation and the Growth of Protagonist Organizations
44
Animal Subjects and Alternatives
61
Protocol Review
83
Community Members on Animal Review Committees
99
Animal Pain Scales in Public Policy An International Perspective
118
The Source of Laboratory Dogs and Cats Pound versus PurposeBred Animals
209
Editorial Responsibilities and Issues
221
Looking Ahead
240
Animals Used in Experimentation FY 19731990
249
Funding Sources for Targeted Programs to Promote Alternatives
251
Sunshine Laws
257
References
261
Additional Readings
281

Pain Suffering and Death Warm and ColdBlooded Vertebrates Mollusks and Insects
128
Testing
153
From Sunshine Laws and Civil Disobedience to Raids
169
The Use of Animals in Education
191
Glossary
283
Index
285
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About the author (1993)

F. Barbara Orlans, Ph.D., is a physiologist on the faculty of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University, where she pursues her interests in the ethical and policy issues of animal experimentation. In previous years she conducted animal experiments on heart disease at the National Institutes of Health.

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