In the Name of Science: Issues in Responsible Animal Experimentation
Few arguments in biomedical experimentation have stirred such heated debate in recent years as those raised by animal research. In this comprehensive analysis of the social, political, and ethical conflicts surrounding the use of animals in scientific experiments, Barbara Orlans judges both ends of the spectrum in this debate -- unconditional approval or rejection of animal experimentation -- to be untenable. Instead of arguing for either view, she thoughtfully explores the ground between the extremes, and convincingly makes the case for public policy reforms that serve to improve the welfare of laboratory animals without jeopardizing scientific endeavor. This book presents controversial issues in a balanced manner based on careful historical analysis and original research. Different mechanisms of oversight for animal experiments are compared and those that have worked well are identified. This compelling work will be of interest to biomedical scientists, ethicists, animal welfare advocates and other readers concerned with this critical issue.
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The Beginnings of Institutionalized Animal Experimentation NineteenthCentury Highlights
Current Attitudes and Ethical Arguments
Legislation and the Growth of Protagonist Organizations
Animal Subjects and Alternatives
Community Members on Animal Review Committees
Animal Pain Scales in Public Policy An International Perspective
The Source of Laboratory Dogs and Cats Pound versus PurposeBred Animals
Editorial Responsibilities and Issues
Animals Used in Experimentation FY 19731990
Funding Sources for Targeted Programs to Promote Alternatives
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Alternatives to Animal American anesthesia anesthetics animal experimentation animal experiments Animal Liberation Front animal pain animal research animal rights movement animal testing Animal Welfare Act antivivisectionists assessment Association awards behavior biology biomedical community biomedical research birds civil disobedience committee community member concern conducted cosmetic curare death dissection distress dogs and cats Draize test drugs editors established ethical issues euthanasia federal funding guidelines humane societies IACUC instance institutions invertebrates investigators journals killing laboratory animals labs LD50 test legislation Magendie ment methods mice monkeys moral National numbers of animals organizations pain scale percent persons PETA PHS policy physiology pound animals primates procedures projects protocols published purpose purpose-bred animals raids reduce research facilities response Revlon Science scientific scientists species standards studies Sunshine Laws tion toxicity University USDA vertebrate vertebrate animals veterinary water deprivation
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