Parliamentary enclosure in England: an introduction to its causes, incidence, and impact, 1750-1850
Enclosure transformed the old open fields and common lands of England to create the modern rural landscape. It changed forever the life of many villages, but provided food for a rapidly rising population. Its methods and consequences were controversial - many rural poor lost their access to land - and the subject is still a cause of dispute. Gordon Mingay's authoritative survey guides the reader through the complexities of the topic. He describes the processes by which land was reorganised and analyses the impact of enclosure regionally. Throughout he stresses the extent of local variation which make the subject so complex.
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The Anatomy of Enclosure
The Objectives of Enclosure
The Process of Parliamentary Enclosure
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acreage acres affected Agricultural History Review allotments Annals of Agriculture areas Arthur Young Award Barton-upon-Humber Bedfordshire Buckinghamshire Cambridge Univ Cambridgeshire cent Chapman Commissioners common rights commons and waste commutation compensation considerable cottagers counties cows crops cultivation drainage Economic History employment Enclosure Acts England example expanding expenses farming favour fences fields and commons figure freeholders fuel grazing Guilden Morden heavily enclosed holdings Ibid important improvement increase industrial instances involved Kingston Deverill labour landlords landowners large number later eighteenth century Lincolnshire livestock Longleat lord major manor meet Michael Turner Midlands Napoleonic Wars Northamptonshire old enclosures open fields open-field arable Otmoor parish Parliament parliamentary enclosure pasture perhaps period poor post-enclosure private Act production proportion proprietors public costs re-allocation rents ring-fencing rise roads sheep small farmers small occupiers small owners soil surveyor Swing riots tenants tion tithe-owner tithes towns Turner village Warwickshire waste land