Peronism Without Per贸n: Unions, Parties, and Democracy in Argentina
Peronism, the Argentine political movement created by Juan Per髇 in the 1940's, has revolved since its inception around a personalistic leader, a set of powerful trade unions, and a weakly institutionalized political party. This book examines why Peronism continued to be weakly institutionalized as a party after Per髇 was overthrown in 1955 and argues that this weakness has impeded the consolidation of Argentine democracy.
Within an analysis of Peronism from 1943 to 1995, the author pays special attention to the 1962-66 and 1984-88 periods, when some Peronist politicians and union leaders tried, but failed, to strengthen the party structure. By identifying the forces that led to these efforts of party-building and by analyzing the counterforces that thwarted them, he shows how these failures have shaped Argentina's experience with democracy.
Drawing on this interpretation of Peronism and its place in Argentine politics, the book develops a distributive conflict/political party explanation for Argentina's democratic instability and contrasts it to alternatives that stress economic dependency, populist economic policies, political culture, and military interventionism.
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62 de Pie Alfonsin allies Alonso anti-Peronist Antonio Cafiero Argen Argentina Argentine politics Authoritarianism Buenos Aires Cafiero campaign candidates Carlos Carlos Menem CGT's Clarin congress conservative coup democracy democratic consolidation dirty war distributive conflict economic elections electoral Eva Peron faction factors favored federal capital Framini Frondizi hard-liners human rights Illia industrial Informes Laborales interview Isabel Peron Italo Luder Jose Juan Juan Peron July June Latin American legislative Lorenzo Miguel Mendoza Menem metalworkers military national deputy neo-Peronist parties O'Donnell obras sociales officers Olmos Ongania Partido Peronista party institutionalization party-building project party's percent Peron Peronism's Peronist movement Peronist party Peronist union leaders plebiscitarian political parties Politico Politics in Argentina president presidential Primera Plana provinces Radical Raul Alfonsin reforms regime renewal sector role Sindicalismo tion Triaca Ubaldini Ubaldinistas union leadership Union Popular unionists Vandor Vandorists vote wage workers