Reactive Nitrogen in the Environment: Too Much Or Too Little of a Good Thing
Elizabeth Braun, United Nations Environment Programme. Division of Technology, Industry, and Economics, Woods Hole Research Center (Woods Hole, Mass.)
UNEP/Earthprint, 2007 - Political Science - 51 pages
About 40% of the human population depends upon food production made possible by synthetic nitrogen fertilizers. Combustion of fossil fuels adds more reactive nitrogen to air, water and soil. This distortion of the global nitrogen cycle, while raising agricultural yields, causes degradation of water and air quality, biodiversity, ecosystem services and human health. This review examines the impacts of reactive nitrogen on the environment, human health and economies from local to global scales. Publishing Agency: United Nations Environment Programme.
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Africa agricultural ammonia anthropogenic areas assessment atmosphere Baltic Sea biomass burning Caribbean challenges Chesapeake Bay Program CLRTAP coastal contribute Convention on Long-Range crop damage costs deficiencies of reactive denitrification drinking water economic nitrogen cascade ecosystem services effective policies effects of reactive estuaries eutrophication excess reactive nitrogen excesses and deficiencies food production fossil fuel global Haber-Bosch process health and economic HELCOM Hole Research Center human health hypoxia Impacts of excess impacts of reactive implementation increased industrial integrated issues legume Long-Range Transboundary Air manure marine environment methemoglobinemia Millennium Development Goals Monetary estimate monitoring nitrate nitrate in drinking nitrogen emissions nitrogen excess nitrogen fixation nitrogen oxides nitrous oxide ozone percent policy responses population problems Programme Protocol reduce release of reactive resulting runoff sewage soil specific stakeholders synthetic fertilizers traded Transboundary Air Pollution transport UNEP wastewater treatment water bodies water pollution water quality watershed Woods Hole Research