Materials for the Hydrogen Economy
Russell H. Jones, George J. Thomas
CRC Press, Dec 22, 2007 - Science - 352 pages
Hydrogen offers a promising alternative for supplying clean and sustainable energy to meet increasing demands worldwide. However, materials are key to transforming the technology into a viable industry. Materials for the Hydrogen Economy describes the technical challenges and the current efforts in developing materials possessing the properties required for handling each stage of the hydrogen fuel chain. Thorough coverage offers newcomers as well as experienced engineers and researchers a reliable and fully scalable foundation in this field.
This book covers all seven of the current hydrogen production methods, as well as distribution, storage, and utilization technologies, particularly fuel cells. It details the chemical reactions, processes, types of feedstock, and commercial equipment involved in hydrogen production. It also covers methods, membranes, liners, and sensors used for separating, sealing, and purifying hydrogen. Several chapters examine corrosion effects in pipeline steels and other storage and transportation vessels, leading to discussions of hydrogen permeation barriers, barrier coatings, and hydrides for on-board hydrogen storage. The final chapters focus on electrolytes and component materials for solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) and H2/O2 PEM fuel cells.
Materials for the Hydrogen Economy provides a broad review of material requirements for handling hydrogen from production to market. It explores the development of these materials alongside essential considerations and issues associated with their deployment.
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Chapter 1 Issues in Hydrogen Production Using Gasification
Chapter 2 Materials for Water Electrolysis Cells
Chapter 3 HighTemperature Electrolysis
Chapter 4 Materials Development for SulfurIodine Thermochemical Hydrogen Production
Chapter 5 Materials Requirements for Photobiological Hydrogen Production
Chapter 6 Dense Membranes for Hydrogen Seperation and Purification
Chapter 7 Effects of Hydrogen Gas on Steel Vessels and Pipelines
Chapter 8 Hydrogen Permeation Barrier Coatings
Chapter 9 Reversible Hydrides for OnBoard Hydrogen Storage
Chapter 10 The Electrolytes for SolidOxide Fuel Cells
Chapter 11 Corrosion and Protection of Metallic Interconnects in SolidOxide Fuel Cells
Chapter 12 Materials for Proton Exhange Membrane Fuel Cells
Chapter 13 Materials Issues for Use of Hydrogen in Internal Combustion Engines
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acid activity alloys Alloys Comp ANL-3e membrane anode applications bipolar plates borohydride carbon feedstock catalyst cathode cations CeO2 ceramics Chem chemical Chlamydomonas Chlamydomonas reinhardtii coatings composition concentration ConocoPhillips corrosion corrosion rate crack growth cyanobacteria cycle decomposition density diffusion dopant doped ECS Trans effect electrical conductivity Electrochem electrode electrolyte enthalpy environment exposure figure films formation gasifier Hastelloy heat high temperature hydride hydrogen embrittlement Hydrogen Energy hydrogen flux hydrogen gas Hydrogen Production hydrogenase increase interconnect ionic conductivity ionomer lanthanum layer loading materials mechanical metal Nafion overpotential oxide fuel cells oxygen ion oxygen reduction PEM fuel cell PEMFC performance perovskite phase photobioreactor Phys polymer potential Power Sources pressure proton conductivity proton conductors reaction reactor reduced refractory slag SOFC Solid State Ionics stability steam structure substrate sulfur surface syngas Technology tested thermal tion transport U.S. Patent vapor voltage zirconia ZrO2