Language and Experience in 17th-century British Philosophy
The focus of this volume is the crisis of the traditional view of the relationship between words and things and the emergence of linguistic arbitrarism in 17th-century British philosophy. Different groups of sources are explored: philological and antiquarian writings, pedagogical treatises, debates on the respective merits of the liberal and mechanical arts, essays on cryptography and the art of gestures, polemical pamphlets on university reform, universal language scheme, and philosophical analyses of the conduct of the understanding. In the late 17th-century the philosophy of mind discards both the correspondence of predicamental series to reality and the archetypal metaphysics underpinning it. This is a turning point in semantic theory: language is conceived as the social construction of historical-conventional objects through signs and the study of strategies we use to bridge the gap between the privacy of experience and the publicness of speech emerges as one of the main topics in the philosophy of language.
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17th-century philosophy abstract ideas analysis apprehend arbitrary argued artificial language Babel Bacon Boyle Burthogge 1694 classification com Comenius common con conceptions concerning congruity conventional conventionality corresponding Cratylus Dalgarno discourse distinction English Epicurus existing languages express gestures gram guage Hebrew historical languages Hobbes human language images John Wallis knowledge lan learning linguae linguistic signs Locke logic London meaning mental Méric Casaubon metaphor method mind monogenesis name-giving names natural language natural signs nature of things nominal essence objects opinion origin of language Paracelsus philology philosophical grammar philosophical language philosophy of language predicamental series primitive principles proposition qualities real character real essence reality reason refer reform Repr Robert Boyle Royal Society semantic semantic theory semiotics sense signify signs of things sounds species speech substance theory of language Thomas tion tongue tradition true truth understanding unity universais universal language verbal Via lucis Wallis Ward Webster Wilkins Wotton writings