Content Area Reading: A Heuristic Approach
A content reading methods text that takes a quick start, heuristic approach to imparting the skills future teachers need to improve their pupils' reading ability in essential content areas. Coverage of current theories and practices in comprehension, assessment and heuristics is organized around pre-reading, guided silent reading, and post-reading.
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ability activities analysis and/or annotation answer approach assessment Basal Readers basic behavior chalkboard classroom cloze cognitive concepts construct content area reading content teachers cooperative learning Critique and Anticipation curriculum decoding described developed difficulty discussion effective eidetic memory evaluation example experience Figure grade guided silent reading help students heuristic ideas improve Informal Textbook Inventory interaction International Reading Association listening literacy Manzo mastery learning material means metacognitive methods morphemes Note Cue notetaking offers paragraph passage postreading practice prereading prior knowledge problem proverbs questions readability readers Reading Activity reading comprehension reading guides reading program responses Sample schema scores selection Semantic Mapping sentence simple Six Thinking Hats social studies SQ3R Step strategy students read study skills summary teach students tend thinking topic TRADE SECRET typical vocabulary whole language words writing
Page 240 - Nacirema culture is characterized by a highly developed market economy which has evolved in a rich natural habitat. While much of the people's time is devoted to economic pursuits. a large part of the fruits of these labors and a considerable portion of the day are spent in ritual activity. The focus of this activity is the human body.
Page 241 - In conclusion, mention must be made of certain practices which have their base in native esthetics but which depend upon the pervasive aversion to the natural body and its functions. There are ritual fasts to make fat people thin and ceremonial feasts to make thin people fat. Still other rites are used to make women's breasts larger if they are small, and smaller if they are large.
Page 27 - I am going to be drowned— if I am going to be drowned, why, in the name of the seven mad gods who rule the sea, was I allowed to come thus far and contemplate sand and trees?
Page 241 - While each family has at least one such shrine, the rituals associated with it are not family ceremonies but are private and secret. The rites are normally only discussed with children, and then only during the period when they are being initiated into these mysteries.
Page 96 - Understanding a paragraph is like solving a problem in mathematics. It consists in selecting the right elements of the situation and putting them together in the right relations, and also with the right amount of weight or influence or force for each.
Page 241 - Beneath the charmbox is a small font. Each day every member of the family, in succession, enters the shrine room, bows his head before the charmbox, mingles different sorts of holy water in the font, and proceeds with a brief rite of ablution. The holy waters are secured from the Water Temple of the community, where the priests conduct elaborate ceremonies to make the liquid ritually pure. In the hierarchy of magical practitioners, and below the medicine men in prestige, are specialists whose designation...
Page 30 - If you would not be forgotten as soon as you are dead and rotten, either write things worth reading, or do things worth the writing.
Page 241 - The Nacirema have an almost pathological horror of and fascination with the mouth, the condition of which is believed to have a supernatural influence on all social relationships. Were it not for the rituals of the mouth, they believe that their teeth would fall out, their gums bleed, their jaws shrink, their friends desert them, and their lovers reject them.
Page 416 - So let us begin anew, remembering on both sides that civility is not a sign of weakness, and sincerity is always subject to proof. Let us never negotiate out of fear, but let us never fear to negotiate. Let both sides explore what problems unite us instead of belaboring those problems which divide us.