Exploratory Search: Beyond the Query-response Paradigm
As information becomes more ubiquitous and the demands that searchers have on search systems grow, there is a need to support search behaviors beyond simple lookup. Information seeking is the process or activity of attempting to obtain information in both human and technological contexts. Exploratory search describes an information-seeking problem context that is open-ended, persistent, and multifaceted, and information-seeking processes that are opportunistic, iterative, and multitactical. Exploratory searchers aim to solve complex problems and develop enhanced mental capacities. Exploratory search systems support this through symbiotic human-machine relationships that provide guidance in exploring unfamiliar information landscapes. Exploratory search has gained prominence in recent years. There is an increased interest from the information retrieval, information science, and human-computer interaction communities in moving beyond the traditional turn-taking interaction model supported by major Web search engines, and toward support for human intelligence amplification and information use. In this lecture, we introduce exploratory search, relate it to relevant extant research, outline the features of exploratory search systems, discuss the evaluation of these systems, and suggest some future directions for supporting exploratory search. Exploratory search is a new frontier in the search domain and is becoming increasingly important in shaping our future world.
Table of Contents: Introduction / Defining Exploratory Search / Related Work / Features of Exploratory Search Systems / Evaluation of Exploratory Search Systems / Future Directions and concluding Remarks
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Chapter 2 Defining Exploratory Search
Chapter 3 Related Work
Chapter 4 Features of Exploratory Search Systems
Chapter 5 Evaluation of Exploratory Search Systems
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ACM SIGIR Conference allow users analysis aspects Bates Belkin berrypicking Chapter cognitive collaboration collection complex Computer concept Concept maps curiosity defined Dervin Development in Information domain Douglas Engelbart dynamic queries effective Ellis environment ESSs exabytes exploration Exploratory browsing exploratory data analysis exploratory search activities exploratory search behavior exploratory search systems facets Figure focused search goal help users human human–computer interaction important information foraging information problem information retrieval information science information seeking information space information visualization information-seeking behavior information-seeking process Ingwersen intelligence amplification interaction behavior involve Journal of Documentation Kuhlthau’s Marchionini metadata metrics multiple navigation paradigm problem context query expansion relevant documents result sets search engines search interfaces search process search results search scenarios search sessions search strategies search task search technology searchers sense-making situations Social Search support exploratory search target Text Retrieval Conference tion topic uncertainty user’s White Wilson’s model World Wide Web