In Darkest England and the Way Out
International Headquarters of the Salvation Army, 1890 - Agricultural colonies - 285 pages
An analysis of the causes of poverty in England, with some proposed solutions, from the founder of the Salvation Army. The title is a deliberate reference to Stanley's "In darkest Africa," which was published the same year.
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assist Australia Bavaria bread Brigade Casual Ward character circumstances City Colony co-operative Colonists Colony Over-Sea condition Count Rumford criminal Darkest England deal delirium tremens despair destitute difficulty discipline door drink drunkards earn emigrants employment evil experience Factory Farm Colony friends gaol gin palace girl give Government of Victoria hand heart homeless hope human hundred industry Labour Bureau land large number living London look lost million misery months never night oakum Officers once operations organisation penal servitude police practical present prison propose question rags rags and bones Ralahine reformation rescue Salvation Army Salvationists saved Scheme Section Shelter shilling Slum social Society Soldiers soul starving streets success supply surplus labour things thousands to-day Tommy Atkins town trade Trades Unionism unemployed waste week Whitechapel wife woman women workers Workhouse wretched
Page 2 - Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
Page xxvii - Not a May-game is this man's life ; but a battle and a march, a warfare with principalities and powers. No idle promenade through fragrant orange-groves and green flowery spaces, waited on by the choral Muses and the rosy Hours : it is a stern pilgrimage through burning sandy solitudes, through regions of thick-ribbed ice. He walks among men ; loves men, with inexpressible soft pity, — as they cannot love him : but his soul dwells in solitude, in the uttermost parts of Creation. In green oases...
Page xxvii - And yet observe there too: Freedom, not nomad's or ape's Freedom, but man's Freedom; this is indispensable. We must have it, and will have it! To reconcile Despotism with Freedom: — well, is that such a mystery? Do you not already know the way? It is to make your Despotism just. Rigorous as Destiny; but just too, as Destiny and its Laws. The Laws of God : all men obey these, and have no "Freedom
Page xxvi - So that it become, in practical result, what in essential fact and justice it ever is, a joint enterprise; all men, from the Chief Master down to the lowest Overseer and Operative, economically as well as loyally concerned for it ? — Which question I do not answer. The answer, near or else far, is perhaps, Yes; — and yet one knows the difficulties, despotism is essential in most enterprises; I am told, they do not tolerate "freedom of debate
Page xxv - Harz-Rock," arriving, in select samples, from the Antipodes and elsewhere, by steam and otherwise, to the " season " here ! — What a Future ; wide as the world, if we have the heart and heroism for it, — which, by Heaven's blessing, we shall : ' ' Keep not standing fixed and rooted, Briskly venture, briskly roam ; 1 Herodotus, i.
Page xxv - Keep not standing fixed and rooted, Briskly venture, briskly roam ; Head and hand, where'er thou foot it, And stout heart are still at home. " In what land the sun does visit, Brisk are we, whate'er betide : To give space for wandering is it That the world was made so wide.
Page 19 - ... England, able and willing to work, but has due food and lodging ; and goes about sleek-coated, satisfied in heart. And you say, It is impossible. Brothers, I answer, if for you it be impossible, what is to become of you ? It is impossible for us to believe it to be impossible. The human brain, looking at these sleek English horses, refuses to believe in such impossibility for English men.
Page xxv - Government.—The main substance of this immense Problem of Organising Labour, and first of all of Managing the Working Classes, will, it is very clear, have to be solved by those who stand practically in the middle of it; by those who themselves work and preside over work.