The Elements of Sociology: A Text-book for Colleges and Schools

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Macmillan, 1898 - Sociology - 353 pages

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Page 168 - ... upon this particular object of social esteem. In like manner the least influential object in determining social choice is that rational selfrealization which appeals only to the few. Consequently we have the first law of social choice, the law of preference of ends to be achieved, as follows: In all social choice, the most influential ideal is that of personal force, or of virtue in the original sense ; the second in influence is the hedonistic or utilitarian ideal, namely the ideal of pleasure;...
Page 214 - Whatever belittles the state or destroys belief in its power to perform any kind of social service, whatever impairs the popular habit of achieving ends by private initiative and voluntary organization, endangers society and prevents the full realization of its ends.
Page 314 - ... of government, democracy consists in the actual administration of political affairs through universal suffrage. Democracy as a form of government cannot coexist with representative institutions ; it admits executive and judicial offices only of the most restricted ministerial type ; it demands the decision of every question of legal and executive detail, no less than of every fundamental principle of right and of policy, by a direct popular vote.
Page 187 - In the second class of ethnical societies are all communities in which several hordes have become welded into a larger and more definitely organized society, occupying a defined territory, speaking one language or dialect, and conscious of its unity, or in which a single horde, grown to many times its original size, has become differentiated and organized. The smallest united and organized society that is composed of lesser social groups that are themselves larger than single families, is the tribe....
Page 199 - a great circle within which are lesser circles combining in a thousand ways to form the most varied figures without overstepping the limits that enclose them; this is an image of the great association of the State and of the particular associations that it embraces." (La Science Sociale Contemporaine, p. 13.) We shall see later that this doctrine, which makes the State the limit of community and makes all other associations but elements of the State, is contradicted by the whole evolution of the...
Page 221 - The forms of social organization, whether political or other, in their relation to the individual, are necessarily coercive if, in their membership, there is great diversity of kind and great inequality. Conversely, institutions or other forms of social organization can be liberal, conceding the utmost freedom to the individual if, in the population, there is fraternity, and back of fraternity, an approximate mental and moral equality."26 The first of these two laws needs some explanation, since...

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