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Physical Resources for Quantum Computing
NMR Quantum Computers
7 other sections not shown
7r-pulses algorithm ancilla applied approximation architecture atomic average calculation capacitors cavity Chapter circuit classical computer coherence coil components controlled-NOt cos2 cose cpMg crystal decay decoherence decoupling density operator dipolar coupling discussed in Sec echo effective field eigenstates electron spin encoded energy entangled entropy equation example exciton experimental experiments exponentially factor fault-tolerant field gradient fluctuating Fourier frequency gate Hadamard Hamiltonian hyperfine coupling implementation impurity inhomogeneous broadening initial isotopically lattice limit liquid-state NMR magnetic field matrix measurement molecules NMR quantum computers noise notation nuclear polarization nuclear spin nuclei observed optical oscillations Overhauser phase photon physical probability proposal pulse sequence quantum computer quantum dots quantum information quantum logic quantum mechanics relaxation resonance result rotation sample scalable scheme semiconductor Shor's algorithm silicon single qubit solid-state nmr spin locking spin-echo techniques temperature term theory thermal timescale transverse trapped unitary operator vector wave function Zeeman zero