The Linguistic Typology of Templates
This book represents the first comprehensive examination of templatic constructions - namely, linguistic structures involving unexpected linear stipulation - in both morphology and syntax from a typological perspective. It provides a state-of-the-art overview of the previous literature, develops a new typology for categorizing templatic constructions across grammatical domains, and examines their cross-linguistic variation by employing cutting-edge computational methods. It will be of interest to descriptive linguists seeking to gain a better sense of the diversity of the world's templatic constructions, theoretical linguists developing restrictive models of possible templates, and typologists interested in the attested range of patterns of linear stipulation and the application of new kinds of multivariate methods to cross-linguistic data. The new typological framework is illustrated in detail via a number of case studies involving languages of Africa, Europe, Asia, and the Americas, and numerous other templatic constructions are also considered over the course of the book.
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affix Aghem Ahtna algorithm appear Applicative associated Athabaskan Bantu languages Bickel Causative–Applicative causativization Chapter characterization Chechen Chichewa Chintang clausal template clause clitic coding comparable component connectivity graph consonant constituent context Copy Infinitive database described description language desmeme developed discussed in Section domain element encoding example fact feature structures Figure filler flooding algorithm formal foundation given template grammatical graphbased HPSG Hyman Ingush Inkelas instance involving keystone kind labels left support lexical linear stipulation linguistic Linguistic Typology Mande marker Meskwaki morphemes morphology morphophonological morphosyntactic mutual information Ndebele Nimboran nodes pairs patterns of linear phenomena phonological position classes potential prefix present Preverbal prosodic relevant representation right support Schematization secondposition seen semantic SerboCroatian similarity scores specific Split graph suffix syntactic syntax Table template’s templatic analysis templatic constraints templatic constructions templatic descriptions templatic restrictions treated Turkish typological typological description verb stem verbal violability voussoir vowel word order