Sufi and Scholar on the Desert Edge: Muḥammad B. ʻAlī Al-Sanūsī and His Brotherhood
The Sanusiya was one of the most influential Islamic movements in North Africa and the Sahara in the nineteenth Century. Its basis was laid by Maghrebi scholar Muhammad b. Ali al-Sanusi (1787-1859). From a background of studies in Sufism and Islamic law, he traveled and studied throughout the Islamic world before settling in Libya to found a new Sufi brotherhood dedicated to the development and spread of Islam among the Saharan Beduins. But the brotherhood's success in organizing the desert peoples eventually transformed it from scholarly and spiritual pursuits into a protector of Saharan trade and defender of Islam. Sufi and Scholar on the Desert Edge focuses on the intellectual tradition that formed al-Sanusi, and also presents his writings and an overview of the Sanusiya order in the mid-nineteenth century.
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Fez before 1820
Sufi Contacts in the Maghreb
Studies in the East
The Influence of Ibn Idris
Founding the Order in Cyrenaica
Return to the Hijaz
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Ahmad al-Sharif al-Ashhab al-cAttar al-Dajjani al-Kattani al-Libi al-Llbl al-Mahdl al-Rashld al-Sanusi al-Zahiri Algeria Anwar Arabic authority Barqa beduin Benghazi Berber blessings and peace brethren cA1l cAbd al-Qadir Cairo called centre century chains Chapter claim clllaysh conflict Confreries Cyrenaica Delanoue died discussion Duveyrier Egypt Enigmatic Saint established Evans-Pritchard evidence exoteric fatwa Fawa'id Fezzan Fihris founder French Haraka Hijaz Ibn cAbd Allah Ibn Idris Ibrahim Idrls ijtihad imams Insabato intellectual Iqaz Islamic Jaghbub Kahhala Kufra later learning letter Libya lodge Maghreb Mahdl Malikl Manhal Marabouts Mecca mentioned Moroccan Morocco Mu'jam Mulay Muslim O'Fahey period political prayer probably Prophet refers region relations religious revolt Rinn role Sanusi Sanusiya Sanusl sources says scholarly scholars seems settled Sharif shaykh Shukri Sldl Muhammad stayed Sudan Sufi Sufi Brotherhoods Sufi orders Sufism Sulayman Sultan tariqa tarlqa teachers Tlemcen town tradition travelled Triaud tribes Tripoli Tripolitania views Wahhabls wrote Yemen
Page 285 - No. l (1941): 69-84. 1941 Foreword, pp. ix-xi, to The Moulids of Egypt (Egyptian Saints-Days) by JW McPherson, NM Press, Cairo. 1943a Note of the Nasaires, in A Note on the Alawites (Security), MEIC, GHQ, MEF [Mimeographed]. 1943b The Place of the Sanusiya in the History of Islam. British Military Administration, Cyrenaica; republished by British Military Administration, Tripolitania, 1945. 1944a [Editor] Handbook of Cyrenaica (reserved), GHQ, MEF 1944b Tribes (Habitat and Way of Life), in (1944a),...
Page 285 - La Confrérie musulmane de Sîdi Mohamed Ben 'Alî esSenoûsî et son domaine géographique en l'année 1300 de l'hégire=1883 de notre ère', Bulletin de la Société de Géographie, Paris v, 1 884 (also published as a pamphlet, Paris 1884; re-edited with notes by Carlo Nallino, Rome 1918).