Prophets, Lovers and Giraffes: Wor(l)d Classification in Ancient Egypt
The book's central proposition is that the prominent feature of the hiero-glyphic script which Egyptologists call "determinatives" makes up an elabo-rate system of classifiers. All items of the lexicon take motivated pictorial classifiers. By this device, the script reflects the map of knowledgeorganization of ancient Egyptian culture. The book aims to reveal the principles and constraints governing the codification of the ancient Egyptian universe in this system. There is, to date, no comprehensive study, either in Egyptology or in cognitive linguistics, of the hieroglyphic classifiers as a structured system. The present work attempts to fill the existing hiatus by bridging the disciplines of Egyptology and cognitive studies, using the tools of the latter to elucidate the former and thus perhaps arrive at new perspectives on both. From the Egyptological angle, the book deals with the ancient Egyptians' nomenclature for "items in the world" and the relationship between lexicon and the knowledge organization. However, the events occurring in the picture-script render cognitive processes visible to our inspection hundreds of years before they have ripened into the Egyptian language. This "visibility" bears directly on a number of crucial questions in cognitive linguistics and ethnobiology. The book also includes an introduction to the hieroglyphic script.
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THE PRINCIPLES OF THE HIEROGLYPHIC SCRIPT 724
THE NEW THEORIES OF CATEGORIZATION 2538
THE HIDE AND TAIL CATEGORY 5789
the prototypicality of the cow
NO UGLY DOGS PLEASE A STUDY ON A PROTOTYPE 91110
WHEN DOES ITN BECOME GOD? AN EXERCISE
Bibliography and abbreviations
List of figures
Index of categories
hide and tail 13 4 6
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Akhenaten Amarna period Ancient Egypt Ancient Egyptian appears Appendix basic-level members Baum BD Nav Beni Hasan Berlin bird bovines Caire cervine animals Coffin Texts cognitive cognitive linguistics conceptual covert categories Davies Dictionary entry divine classifier divine+anthropomorphic divine+falconide DrogWb Egyptology examples Fischer Gardiner giraffe Giza goat Goldwasser 1995 Harrassowitz Hassan hide and tail hieratic hieroglyphic script hippopotamus icon INCLUDED IN DIAGRAMS including LP inscription instances intermediate taxon Kammerzell language Leiden lemma Lesko lexicon logogram London Mainz Mastabas MATERIAL NOT INCLUDED Medinet Habu metaphor Middle Kingdom MK NK class mnmnt occurrences OK MK NK Old Kingdom Ostracon Papyrus pChester Beatty pEbers pHarris phonetic pictogram pictorial representation prototypical member Pyramid Texts quadruped Ramesseum refers repeater Rosch saluki Saqqara schematic relations signified stela sun-disc sycomore taxonomic category term tomb tree Wiesbaden word Worterbuch Zabern