Elements of Geology, for the Use of Schools and Academies

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Clement & Packard, 1841 - Geology - 286 pages
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Page 39 - And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, and to rule over the day, and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
Page 30 - geology, in the magnitude and sublimity of the objects of which it treats, undoubtedly ranks, in the scale of the sciences, next to astronomy...
Page 37 - ... millions of millions of years may have occupied the indefinite interval, between the beginning in which God created the heaven and the earth, and the evening or commencement of the first day of the Mosaic narrative.
Page 40 - If we suppose all the heavenly bodies and the earth to have been created at the indefinitely distant time designated by the word beginning, and that the darkness described on the evening of the first day, was a temporary darkness, produced by an accumulation of dense vapours 'upon the face of the deep...
Page 33 - ... narrative of Moses. A revelation of so much only of astronomy as was known to Copernicus would have seemed imperfect after the discoveries of Newton ; and a revelation of the science of Newton would have appeared defective to La Place. A revelation of all the chemical knowledge of the eighteenth century would have been as deficient, in comparison with the information of the present day, as what is now known in this science will probably appear before the termination of another age. In the whole...
Page 37 - ... up, and peopled in a manner fit for the reception of mankind. We have in this second verse, a distinct mention of earth and waters, as already existing and involved in darkness; their condition also is described as a state of confusion and emptiness (tohu bohu), words which are usually interpreted by the vague and indefinite Greek term chaos, and which may be geologically considered as designating the wreck and ruins of a former world.
Page 253 - Conglomerate, or Puddingstone. Rocks composed of rounded masses, pebbles and gravel, cemented together by a siliceous, calcareous or argillaceous cement. Cretaceous. Belonging to the chalk formation. Crop out and out crop. Terms employed by geologists and mining engineers, to express the emergence of rock in place, on the surface of the earth, at the locality where it is said to crop out.
Page 260 - Tepid. Warm. Thermal. Hot. Thin out. Strata which diminish in thickness until they disappear, are said to thin out.
Page 36 - ... more especially specifying our own planet, as the subsequent scene of the operations of the six days about to be described. No information is given as to events which may have occurred upon this earth, unconnected with the history of man, between the creation of its component matter recorded in the first verse, and the era at which its history is resumed in the second verse; nor is any limit fixed to the time during which these intermediate events may have been going on : millions of millions...
Page 171 - Caracas preceded this explosion thirty-five days, and violent oscillations of the ground were felt both in the islands and on the coasts of Terra Firma.

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