The Enigma of the Gift
When we think of giving gifts, we think of exchanging objects that carry with them economic or symbolic value. But is every valuable thing a potentially exchangeable item, whose value can be transferred? In The Enigma of the Gift, the distinguished French anthropologist Maurice Godelier reassesses the significance of gifts in social life by focusing on sacred objects, which are never exchanged despite the value they possess.
Beginning with an analysis of the seminal work of Marcel Mauss and Claude Lévi-Strass, and drawing on his own fieldwork in Melanesia, Godelier argues that traditional theories are flawed because they consider only exchangeable gifts. By explaining gift-giving in terms of sacred objects and the authoritative conferral of power associated with them, Godelier challenges both recent and traditional theories of gift-giving, provocatively refreshing a traditional debate.
Elegantly translated by Nora Scott, The Enigma of the Gift is at once a major theoretical contribution and an essential guide to the history of the theory of the gift.
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Afek alienable analysis ancestors Andrew Strathern Annette Weiner armshells Baruya become beliefs Boas bridewealth ceremonial chief circulate clan Claude Levi-Strauss commodities copper objects debt dominated economy equivalent everything exchange of gifts exchange of women exist explain fact forest functions gift-exchange gift-giving gifts and counter-gifts giver gods groups Guinea humans imaginary inalienable individuals initiations kinship Kiriwina kitoum kula kwaimatnie Kwakiutl Levi-Strauss lineage live male Malinowski Maori Marcel Mauss marriage Marshall Sahlins Maurice Godelier means Melanesia Melpa moka moka exchanges mwali myths necklaces obligation origin owner ownership Paris pearl-shells persons Pharaoh pigs political political-religious Polynesian possession potlatch precious objects present produce Ranaipiri rank reality received reciprocal rela relationship religion reproduce rites ritual sacred objects sacrifice Sahlins salt shells social relations society sphere spirits stone symbolic taonga Testart tion total prestations tribe Trobriand Trobriand Islands unconscious valuable vaygu'a wealth woman Yahweh