East Asian Monsoon

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World Scientific, 2004 - Nature - 576 pages
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The East Asian summer monsoon has complex space and time structures that are distinct from the South Asian summer monsoon. It covers both subtropics and midlatitudes and its rainfall tends to be concentrated in rain belts that stretch for many thousands of kilometers and affect China, Japan, Korea, and the surrounding areas. The circulation of the East Asian winter monsoon encompasses a large meridional domain with cold air outbreaks emanating from the Siberian high and penetrates deeply into the equatorial Maritime Continent region, where the center of maximum rainfall has long been recognized as a major planetary scale heat source that provides a significant amount of energy which drives the global circulation during boreal winter. The East Asian summer monsoon is also closely linked with the West Pacific summer monsoon. Both are part of the global climate system and are affected by El Nino?Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and surface temperature variations in the western Pacific and surrounding oceans, the tropospheric biennial oscillation, and the South Asian summer monsoon. In addition, typhoons in the western North Pacific are most active during the East Asian summer monsoon. They may be considered as a component of the East Asian summer monsoon as they contribute substantial amounts of rainfall and have major impacts on the region. Because of its impacts on nearly one-third of the worldOCOs population and on the global climate system (including effects on the climate change), the study of the East Asian monsoon has received increased attention both in East Asian countries and in the United States. This book presents reviews of recent research on the subject."
 

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Contents

Seasonal March of the EastAsian Summer Monsoon
3
The East Asia Winter Monsoon
54
Annual Cycle and Boreal Winter Variability
107
East Asian Monsoon ENSO Interactions
177
Climate Variations of the Summer Monsoon over China
213
Simulations by a GFDL GCM of ENSORelated Variability of the Coupled
271
Current Status of AGCM Monsoon Simulations
301
Simulation Studies of the Asian Monsoon Using the CCSRNIES AGCM
332
Large and Mesoscale Features of MeiyuBaiu Front Associated with
404
Results from the 1998 SCSMEX
436
MonsoonRelated Tropical Cyclones in East Asia
463
Formation of the Summertime Subtropical Anticyclones
499
Maintenance and Seasonal Transitions of the Stationary Waves during
545
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Page 32 - ... progress has been made so far in operational forecasting, due to the complexities of this problem. It is believed that three large-scale aspects are mainly responsible for the occurrence of heavy rains in China. First, the summer monsoons coming from India and the West Pacific play an important role. The rainy season in China generally begins with the onset of the summer monsoon and ends with its withdrawal [24]. Rainfall intensity and its variation are closely related to the fluctuations of...

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