Drowned and Dammed: Colonial Capitalism, and Flood Control in Eastern India
The volume deals with major debates in India's environmental history. It critiques existing discourse by discussing colonial flood control strategies in eastern India. It explores the idea and practice of flood control and argues for a comprehensive reconsideration of the debate on the colonial environmental watershed, its hydraulic legacy and questions contemporary enthusiasm for flood control in post-independent India. The emphasis is on revealing how colonial flood control measures were implicated in attempts to consolidate capitalist relations in ownership, production, and towards commanding the deltaic rivers as a 'natural resource' for capitalist accumulation. The idea and practice of flood control was not merely a technical intervention but principally a political project, deeply implicated in the social, economic and political calculations of capitalism in general and colonialism in particular. Such an analytical perspective also provides a useful backdrop to understanding several aspects of the contemporary water crisis in postcolonial India. The book also intends to be a necessary corrective and a useful addition to the otherwise limited writings on the Indian subcontinent's hydraulic histories.
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Deltas Integrity and Agrarian Rhythm
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acre agrarian production agricultural argued assessment Baitarani Balasore Balasore District Banks of Bengal Bengal Bhubaneswar Bihar Board of Revenue British bunds Calcutta canal irrigation canal system capitalist private property century channel claims collector colonial administration colonial capitalism colonial rule commissioner Company construction crop cultivators Cuttack District Cuttack Rivers Delhi deltaic inundation deltaic rivers drainage economic effect Embankment Committee embankment system embankments fact Finance Flood Committee flood problem flood waters flood-control Hirakud Dam History of Orissa Ibid intermediary Irfan Habib irrigation Kanungo Kathjuri labour land revenue Lower Provinces Mahanadi River MPRVD Mughal Mughalbandi muqaddams Naraj nature Nityananda Note officiating chief engineer OLAP Orissa Delta Orissa Flood pargana period political pre-colonial protection Puri District rabi crops raiyats raja regime rent Report revenue administration revenue demand rice scheme seasonal inundations secretary settlement silt social sought strategy superintendent of embankments taluqdar tracts village Visvesvaraya Willcocks zamindars