The Aztec empire centered on Tenochtitlan (modern Mexico City) embraced nearly all the peoples of central America during the 15th and early 16th centuries. Renowned for their architecture, agriculture, jewelry and textiles, the Aztecs also developed a form of pictographic writing and a complex calendar system. However, they are chiefly, if unfortunately, remembered for their human sacrifices; tearing the heart from the living body to offer to their Sun god. This introduction to one of the world's most fascinating lost civilizations examines its history and culture, and concludes with an account of its violent destruction by the Spaniards in 1521.
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52-year cycle Acamapichtli Ahufzotl America archaeology Axayacatl Azcapotzalco AZTEC ACCOUNTS Aztec civilisation Aztec Empire Aztec history Aztec society Aztlan Bernal Diaz birds BRENDA RALPH LEWIS cactus calpulli campaign canoe causeways ceremony Chalco Chapultepec Chimalpopoca chinampas coast Codex Mendoza Coixlahuaca conquered Conquest Cortes Cuba Cuitlahuac Culhua Culhuacan culture death Diaz del Castillo died Duran elected feathers fire gods gold Grijalva Gulf of Mexico Huitzilihuitl Huitzilopochtli human sacrifice imperial Itzcoatl ixiptla labour Lake Texcoco land later Lord macehualtin maguey maize markets Maxtla merchants Mexico City military Montezuma Montezuma Ilhuacamina Montezuma Xocoytzin Nahuatl nephew Nezahualcoyotl nobility Oklahoma Press Oztoma POCKET HISTORIES priests Quahtemoc Quetzalcoatl reign ritual royal ruler of Tlatelolco Sahagun Serpent Spain Spaniards stone Tarascans tecuhtli Temple of Huitzilopochtli Tenochtitlan Tenochtli Tepanec Empire Tepanecs tetecuhtin Texcocan Tezcatlipoca Tezozomoc Tira Tizoc Tlaloc tlatoani Tlaxcala Toltecs Totonacs trade tribute Tula Tulsa University of Oklahoma Valley of Mexico Xoyoctzin