Paintings of the Razmnama: The Book of War
Razmnama or The Book of War is the Persian translation of the great Hindu epic, the Mahabharata. The Mughal Emperor Akbar took a personal interest in the translation project and invited learned men, well-versed with the work, from all over the country to help some of his best Persian scholar-courtiers prepare the most authentic text possible. Once this was complete, master painters at his atelier produced a lavishly illustrated copy for his personal use. Akbar then invited his nobles to get copies of the text made for themselves. Out of the three copies made, the three-volume Razmnama in the Birla Academy of Art & Culture, Kolkata, is the only one complete with 81 miniatures. Most of these images are full-page ones and the text bears the name of the scribe and date of completion - 1605. The paintings are of great interest to students of Mughal painting as they combine the finest elements of the Mughal court style with the narrative style of storytelling. Some of the most popular Mahabharata stories were chosen by the painters and instead of composing two or three separate paintings they incorporated different stages of narrative detail within the frame of a single image. The overall style is refined and clearly follows the count style during the closing years of Akbar's reign. The 1605 Razmnama is a key document for the study of Mughal painting during the beginning of the 17th century.
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Akbar's amal appears Arjuna artists ascribed battle Bhima Birla body Brahma brahmana brothers chariot cm Inscribed colours composition copy court daitya Daswant death demons depicted devas Draupadi Duryodhana elephant emerges fight fire Folio followed foreground forest four hand head Hendley horse illustrated images Indra Jaipur Karna Kaurava kill king Krishna Library Listed living lower Mahabharata manuscript masters miniatures Mughal Museum painters painting palace Pandavas Persian picture plate Razmnama scene Seyller shown shows sits snake stands story style takes tarah translation tree upper volume weapons yajna Yudhisthira از است ان ان کی او اور ای ایران ایک این با بار برای به بود بیان بین پر تا جوان خود دارد دست دو دور دوران شد شده کا کار کر کرد که کہ کی کیا کے ما من می نام های یا یک