Fiscal Regimes and the Political Economy of Premodern States

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Andrew Monson, Walter Scheidel
Cambridge University Press, Apr 23, 2015 - History
Inspired by the new fiscal history, this book represents the first global survey of taxation in the premodern world. What emerges is a rich variety of institutions, including experiments with sophisticated instruments such as sovereign debt and fiduciary money, challenging the notion of a typical premodern stage of fiscal development. The studies also reveal patterns and correlations across widely dispersed societies that shed light on the basic factors driving the intensification, abatement, and innovation of fiscal regimes. Twenty scholars have contributed perspectives from a wide range of fields besides history, including anthropology, economics, political science and sociology. The volume's coverage extends beyond Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Near East to East Asia and the Americas, thereby transcending the Eurocentric approach of most scholarship on fiscal history.
 

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Contents

The Inka Empire Terence N DAltroy
31
The Aztec Empire Michael E Smith
71
The ancient Near East and Egypt Michael Jursa and Juan Carlos Moreno García
115
Hellenistic empires Andrew Monson
169
The Roman Republic James Tan
208
The early Roman monarchy Walter Scheidel
229
Early imperial China from the Qin and Han through Tang
282
Imperial China under the Song and late Qing
308
The Middle East in Islamic late antiquity
390
The Ottoman Empire
404
Early modern Japan
429
The Greek polis and koinon
469
Classical Athens
492
Why did public debt originate in Europe?
523
Interpreting the comparative history of fiscal regimes
557
Index
572

Late Rome Byzantium and early medieval western Europe
345

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About the author (2015)

Andrew Monson is Associate Professor of Classics at New York University. While co-editing this volume, he has held the Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship for Experienced Researchers at the University of Heidelberg as well as the Charles A. Ryskamp Fellowship of the American Council of Learned Societies. He is the author of From the Ptolemies to the Romans: Political and Economic Change in Egypt (2012) and Agriculture and Taxation in Early Ptolemaic Egypt: Demotic Land Surveys and Accounts (2012).

Walter Scheidel is the Dickason Professor in the Humanities, Professor of Classics and History, and Kennedy-Grossman Fellow in Human Biology at Stanford University, California. He is the author or editor of fifteen books on the ancient world, including The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Economy (Cambridge, 2012). His work, which has focused on ancient social and economic history, historical demography, and the history of empire, has been widely recognized for its innovative quantitative and comparative modelling, cross-cultural scope, and transdisciplinary breadth across the social sciences and life sciences.

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