Apology, Crito, Critias and Ion Dialogues of Plato

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Akasha Classics, 2009 - Literary Collections - 122 pages
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Apology Possibly one of Plato's first works, the Apology presents Socrates' own defense and in the process helps define his philosophy. He wished to change the way in which his contemporaries viewed the world and believed "the unexamined life is not worth living." Crito Socrates is sentenced to death, but his friend Crito bribes the guards to enable is escape. Crito feeling that the sentence is unjust sees no wrong in avoiding it with another injustice, while Socrates disagrees. In their conversation the probe the foundations of civil and moral law as well as the social contract theory of government. Critias One of the late and unfinished dialogues, Critias is the original account of the rise and fall of Atlantis, an ancient, mighty empire ruled by the descendants of Poseidon. It is thought that the account is not historical, but rather an illustration of Plato's vision an ideal society. Ion In this short work Socrates discusses with Ion, a successful actor, his ability to interpret Homer. Thus arise two questions: First is there an art of "poetry as a whole" and consequently: Does philosophy only exist in the use of words? The dialogue thus delves into the puzzling nature of human creativity.

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About the author (2009)

Plato was born c. 427 B.C. in Athens, Greece, to an aristocratic family very much involved in political government. Pericles, famous ruler of Athens during its golden age, was Plato's stepfather. Plato was well educated and studied under Socrates, with whom he developed a close friendship. When Socrates was publically executed in 399 B.C., Plato finally distanced himself from a career in Athenian politics, instead becoming one of the greatest philosophers of Western civilization. Plato extended Socrates's inquiries to his students, one of the most famous being Aristotle. Plato's The Republic is an enduring work, discussing justice, the importance of education, and the qualities needed for rulers to succeed. Plato felt governors must be philosophers so they may govern wisely and effectively. Plato founded the Academy, an educational institution dedicated to pursuing philosophic truth. The Academy lasted well into the 6th century A.D., and is the model for all western universities. Its formation is along the lines Plato laid out in The Republic. Many of Plato's essays and writings survive to this day. Plato died in 347 B.C. at the age of 80.

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