Presidential Leadership, Illness, and Decision Making
Examines the impact of medical and psychological illness on foreign policy decision making. Illness provides specific, predictable, and recognizable shifts in attention, time perspective, cognitive capacity, judgment, and emotion, which systematically affect impaired leaders. In particular, this book discusses the ways in which processes related to aging, physical and psychological illness, and addiction influence decision making. This book provides detailed analysis of four cases among the American presidency. Woodrow Wilson's October 1919 stroke affected his behavior during the Senate fight over ratifying the League of Nations. Franklin Roosevelt's severe coronary disease influenced his decisions concerning the conduct of war in the Pacific from 1943–1945 in particular. John Kennedy's illnesses and treatments altered his behavior at the 1961 Vienna conference with Soviet Premier Khrushchev. And Nixon's psychological impairments biased his decisions regarding the covert bombing of Cambodia in 1969–1970.
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109 Roosevelt 12 Crispell 120 Jacobson 147 ultimatum 153 amphetamines 154 Kennedy 171 Vietnamization 178 New York 23 psychopathology 34 Wilson 48 Wilson 54 Wilson’s 72 Wilson 84 Churchill Addison’s disease anesthesia Anna Roosevelt Arthur assassination attempts compromise conﬁdentiality cortisone cover-ups decision dementia development of narcissism Edith Wilson Eisenhower ethics foreign leaders Frank Nixon George Germany Grayson Group Hawaii hypertension impairment inﬂuence inﬂuenza injections Iran Japan John Joseph Kennan Kennedy’s Khrushchev Kraus L’Etang leadership League of Nations Lodge Lungren MacArthur Madman theory McIntire medical intelligence mental illness Minh Morgenthau narcissism Nixon nuclear weapons osteoporosis Pacepa Paciﬁc campaign paranoia Paris Peace Conference physical qualiﬁcations Physicians Panel Poland Presidential Disability procaine psychosomatic illness QuŽebec conference quadrangle plan Reagan Robert Schlesinger secrecy Seely Mudd Library shah shah’s illness side effects Soviet Union staph infection Steinberg steroids temporary removal Treaty of Versailles Truman Twenty-ﬁfth Amendment United Nations Vienna Watergate William Wilson’s stroke Woodrow Yalta