The Just War: Force and Political Responsibility

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Rowman & Littlefield, Jan 1, 2002 - Philosophy - 554 pages
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Recent conflicts, such as the Persian Gulf War of the 1990s and the war against the Taliban in Afghanistan in 2001 show that the idea of what constitutes a 'just war' remains a crucial issue in politics and ethics today. With a new foreword by noted theologian and ethicist Stanley Hauerwas, this classic text on war and the ethics of modern statecraft written at the height of the Vietnam era in 1968 speaks to a new generation of readers. In defending just war against Christian pacifism and arguing against those who maintain that the end justifies the means in the conduct of a war, Ramsey joins a line of theological reasoning that traces its antecedents to Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas. Ramsey argues that decisions regarding war must be governed by 'political prudence.' Whether a particular war should be fought, and at what level of violence, depends, Ramsey writes, on one's count of the moral costs and benefits. Characterized by a sophisticated yet back-to-basics approach, his analysis begins with the assumption that force is a fact in political life which must either be reckoned with or succumbed to. He then grapples with modern challenges to traditional moral principles of 'just conduct' in war, the 'morality of deterrence, ' and a 'just war theory of statecraft.
 

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Contents

The Uses of Power
3
The Ethics of Intervention
19
What Americans Ordinarily Think about Justice in War
42
Pacem in terris
70
Selective Conscientious Objection
91
The Morality of War
139
Justice in War
141
The Case for Making Just War Possible
148
More Unsolicited Advice to Vatican Council II
285
Again the Justice of Deterrence
314
The Second Vatican Council and A JustWar Theory of Statecraft
367
The Vatican Council on Modern War
369
Robert W Tuckers Bellum Contra Bellum Justum
391
Vietnam and Insurgency Warfare
425
How Shall CounterInsurgency War Be Conducted Justly?
427
Incapacitating Gases
465

The Hatfields and the Coys
168
Turn Toward Just War
178
When Just War Is Not Justified
189
The Limits of Nuclear War
211
Can a Pacifist Tell a Just War?
259
The Morality of Deterrence
279
A Brief Preface to the Morality of Deterrence
281
20 Farewell to Christian Realism
479
21 Vietnam Dissent from Dissent
489
22 Is Vietnam a Just War?
497
The Miami Appeal to the Churches Concerning Vietnam
513
Counting the Costs
523
Copyright

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About the author (2002)

Paul Ramsey, one of the leading theologians of the 20th century, was professor of religion at Princeton University. Among his many writings are Basic Christian Ethics, Nine Modern Moralists, and War and the Christian Conscience: How Shall Modern War be Conducted Justly.

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