The Just War: Force and Political Responsibility
Recent conflicts, such as the Persian Gulf War of the 1990s and the war against the Taliban in Afghanistan in 2001 show that the idea of what constitutes a 'just war' remains a crucial issue in politics and ethics today. With a new foreword by noted theologian and ethicist Stanley Hauerwas, this classic text on war and the ethics of modern statecraft written at the height of the Vietnam era in 1968 speaks to a new generation of readers. In defending just war against Christian pacifism and arguing against those who maintain that the end justifies the means in the conduct of a war, Ramsey joins a line of theological reasoning that traces its antecedents to Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas. Ramsey argues that decisions regarding war must be governed by 'political prudence.' Whether a particular war should be fought, and at what level of violence, depends, Ramsey writes, on one's count of the moral costs and benefits. Characterized by a sophisticated yet back-to-basics approach, his analysis begins with the assumption that force is a fact in political life which must either be reckoned with or succumbed to. He then grapples with modern challenges to traditional moral principles of 'just conduct' in war, the 'morality of deterrence, ' and a 'just war theory of statecraft.
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The Uses of Power
The Ethics of Intervention
What Americans Ordinarily Think about Justice in War
Pacem in terris
Selective Conscientious Objection
The Morality of War
Justice in War
The Case for Making Just War Possible
More Unsolicited Advice to Vatican Council II
Again the Justice of Deterrence
The Second Vatican Council and A JustWar Theory of Statecraft
The Vatican Council on Modern War
Robert W Tuckers Bellum Contra Bellum Justum
Vietnam and Insurgency Warfare
How Shall CounterInsurgency War Be Conducted Justly?
The Hatfields and the Coys
Turn Toward Just War
When Just War Is Not Justified
The Limits of Nuclear War
Can a Pacifist Tell a Just War?
The Morality of Deterrence
A Brief Preface to the Morality of Deterrence
20 Farewell to Christian Realism
21 Vietnam Dissent from Dissent
22 Is Vietnam a Just War?
The Miami Appeal to the Churches Concerning Vietnam
Counting the Costs
action acts of war actual aggression aggressor-defender analysis armed force believe bellum justum bombing Catholic church cities collateral combatant conduct conscientious objection consequences Council counter-forces counter-insurgency course decision defense destruction direct attack disproportionate distinction Douglass effect encyclical enemy ethics fact fight Herman Kahn human immoral incapacitating indiscriminate insurgency intended intervention italics added John XXIII judgment jus ad bellum jus in bello just-war doctrine just-war theory justice justify killing legitimate lesser evil limited means ment military modern moralist murder nation-state negotiation never non-combatants nuclear age nuclear warfare nuclear weapons Pacem in terris pacifist peace political community possible present principle of discrimination principle of proportion proportionate proposal prudence question reason religious resort to arms responsibility selective conscientious simply South Vietnam statecraft statement statesmen Stein strategy targets threat tion Tucker United Nations Vietcong violation violence warfare wrong