Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy
This book addresses the following question: why are presidential democracies more likely to break down than parliamentary ones? Conventional wisdom among political scientists pointS to the incentives generated by the form of government itself; the independence of the executive and legislature that defines presidentialism generates incentives that are not conducive to the consolidation of democracy. On the basis of a data set that covers all democracies between 1946 and 2002, this book demonstrates that this is not the case: the incentives generated by presidentialism are as conducive to the consolidation of democracy as the ones generated by parliamentarism. The book argues that what kills presidentialism is the fact that it exists in countries where democracies of any type are not likely to survive. This book will be of interest to academic researchers, graduates and advanced undergraduates enrolled in courses on comparative politics and political economy.
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PRESIDENTIAL PARLIAMENTARY AND MIXED
ARE THE INCENTIVES FOR COALITION FORMATION
ARE COALITIONS RARE IN PRESIDENTIAL
PARTY DISCIPLINE AND FORM OF GOVERNMENT
WHAT MAKES PRESIDENTIAL DEMOCRACIES FRAGILE?
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Adam Przeworski amend analysis approved assembly bicameral bills Brazil Chapter Cheibub civilian dictatorships classified Coalition and Majority coalition formation coalition governments congress considered constitution countries country-years democratic democratic breakdown democratic regimes dential Dummy variable coded effective number electoral emerge ernment executive exist form of government formateur government coalition Hence incentives for coalition instability of presidential Latin America legislative agenda legislative effectiveness legislative house legislative majority legislative seats legislative support legislature Linz Linzian view Mainwaring ment military dictatorships minority governments minority situation mixed democracies mixed systems number of parties parliamentary and presidential parliamentary democracies parliamentary regimes parliamentary systems party discipline party switching political parties portfolio coalition pres presidential and parliamentary presidential democracies presidential governments presidential institutions presidential regimes presidential systems presidential veto prime minister Przeworski reversion outcome rules separation of powers share of seats Shugart Single-party Single-party Single-party survival of democracy tion Transitions to dictatorship veto power vote
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