論語辨

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Columbia University Press, 1998 - Philosophy - 342 pages
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No one has influenced Chinese life as profoundly as Confucius. Among the most important embodiments of that influence is the Analects, a seeming record of Confucius's conversations with his disciples and with the rulers and ministers of his own time. These sayings, many of them laconic, aphoristic, and difficult to interpret, have done much to shape the culture and history of East Asia. Bruce and Taeko Brooks have returned this wide-ranging text to its full historical and intellectual setting, organizing the sayings in their original chronological sequence, and permitting the Analects to be read for maximum understanding, not as a closed system of thought but as a richly revealing record of the interaction of life and thought as it evolved over almost the entire Warring States period. The Original Analects has clarified contradictions in the text by showing how they reflect changing social conditions and philosophical emphases over the two centuries during which it was compiled. The book includes a fresh and fluid translation, a detailed commentary and interpretation for each saying, illustrations of objects from the Warring States period, and an extensive critical apparatus setting forth the textual argument on which the translation is based, and indicating how the later view of the work as the consistent maxims of a universal sage gradually replaced the historical reality.
 

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Contents

The Original Analects LY
2
The Kung Transition
59
The Hundred Schools
89
The Last Debates
99
Return to Court
161
The Accretion Theory of the Analects
201
Developmental Patterns in the Analects
249
A Window on the Hundred Schools
257
Confucius and His Circle
263
A Reading of LY 14 in Text Order
295
Apparatus
315
Afterword
339
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About the author (1998)

E. Bruce Brooks is Research Professor of Chinese at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. He has published studies on various aspects of textual analysis in Chinese and English.A. Taeko Brooks is the coauthor, with E. Bruce Brooks, of Chinese Character Frequency Lists and with him was the cofounder in 1993 of the Warring States Working Group.

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