No one has influenced Chinese life as profoundly as Confucius. Among the most important embodiments of that influence is the Analects, a seeming record of Confucius's conversations with his disciples and with the rulers and ministers of his own time. These sayings, many of them laconic, aphoristic, and difficult to interpret, have done much to shape the culture and history of East Asia. Bruce and Taeko Brooks have returned this wide-ranging text to its full historical and intellectual setting, organizing the sayings in their original chronological sequence, and permitting the Analects to be read for maximum understanding, not as a closed system of thought but as a richly revealing record of the interaction of life and thought as it evolved over almost the entire Warring States period. The Original Analects has clarified contradictions in the text by showing how they reflect changing social conditions and philosophical emphases over the two centuries during which it was compiled. The book includes a fresh and fluid translation, a detailed commentary and interpretation for each saying, illustrations of objects from the Warring States period, and an extensive critical apparatus setting forth the textual argument on which the translation is based, and indicating how the later view of the work as the consistent maxims of a universal sage gradually replaced the historical reality.
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The Original Analects LY
The Kung Transition
The Hundred Schools
The Last Debates
Return to Court
The Accretion Theory of the Analects
Developmental Patterns in the Analects
A Window on the Hundred Schools
Confucius and His Circle
A Reading of LY 14 in Text Order
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24 passages accretion theory Added to LY Analects chapters ancient asked Burton Watson chariot Chinese Chvn Chywe clan classic compiled Confucian Confucius Confucius's context court criticism culture Dauist death disciples Donald Keene Dz-gung Dz-jang Dz-lu Dz-sya Dz-sz Dz-you Dzai Dzvng Dzvngdz earlier early eclipse envoi filiality gentleman Guanzi Gwan Jung Han dynasty Heaven idea implies interpolated passages interpolations Jwangdz Kung KZJY 38 late 04c later Legge Ch'un LY 9 Mei Ethical Mencian Mencius Mician military minister Mvng Ngwei original pairing period political praise present Prince principle propriety proteges Ran Chyou reader reflect ritual ruler sayings seems Sei Shonagon Shang social suggests Sung Sywndz Sywndzian thematic theory tradition Tswei virtue Waley WSWG Xunzi Yen Hwei Youdz Yung Ywaen