Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration and Security Sector Reform: Insights from UN Experience in Afghanistan, Burundi, the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of the Congo
This book sets out to break down and identify positive associations between Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) and Security Sector Reform (SSR). Drawing on case studies from selected post-conflict settings, the book demonstrates the potential and reality of improved collaboration between both endeavors. Enhanced cooperation could avoid negative outcomes, such as former combatants dropping out of programs, trust undermined in security institutions, and the creation of security vacuums that jeopardize the safety of individuals and communities. A central claim of the book is that programs must be responsive to the needs and interests of different national actors. Without understanding the dynamic political processes that shape the origins, parameters, and outcomes of both processes, DDR and SSR may address security deficits, but will be unfit to support sustainable transitions towards national recovery and development. (Series: Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces [DCAF])
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The Central African Republic
The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Turning Practical Experience into
actors Afghan Afghanistan ANBP APPMs approach areas armed forces Arusha Agreement assessments Burundi Burundian capacity ceasefire Central African Republic challenges civilian CNDD/FDD conflict Congo context coordination DDR and SSR DDR process DDR programme DDR-RR DDR-SSR nexus DDR/SSR defence demilitarization demobilised Demobilization and Reintegration Democratic Republic disarmament donors efforts ensure entry point established ex-combatants FACA former combatants framework funding gender Hutu IDDRS identified illegal armed groups implementation integration involved issues Kivu lack link DDR linkages between DDR mandate MDRP mechanisms military militias Ministry mission monitoring and evaluation MONUC National Police Office ONUB operational opportunity oversight ownership Palipehutu-FNL peace agreements peacebuilding peacekeeping personnel planning police reform post-conflict PRAC reinsertion role Security Council security forces security institutions security sector governance Security Sector Reform September 2008 small arms SSR activities stakeholders strategy structures supporting DDR synergies Tutsi UNDP United Nations vetting weapons