Phonology as Human Behavior: Theoretical Implications and Clinical Applications
Phonology as Human Behavior brings work in human cognition, behavior, and communication to bear on the study of phonology--the theory of sound systems in language. Yishai Tobin extends the ideas of William Diver--an influential linguist whose investigations into phonology reflect the principle that language represents a constant search for maximum communication with minimal effort--as a part of a new theory of phonology as human behavior. Showing the far-reaching psycho- and sociolinguistic utility of this theory, Tobin demonstrates its applicability to the teaching of phonetics, text analysis, and the theory of language acquisition.
Tobin describes the methodological connection between phonological theory and phonetics by way of a comprehensive and insightful survey of phonology's controversial role in twentieth-century linguistics. He reviews the work of Saussure, Jakobson, Troubetzkoy, Martinet, Zipf, and Diver, among others, and discusses issues in distributional phonology through analyses of English, Italian, Latin, Hebrew, and Yiddish. Using his theory to explain various functional and pathological speech disorders, Tobin examines a wide range of deviant speech processes in aphasia, the speech of the hearing-impaired, and other syndromes of organic origin. Phonology as Human Behavior provides a unique set of principles connecting the phylogeny, ontogeny, and pathology of sound systems in human language.
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Phonetics and Phonology A Historical Overview
Theoretical and Methodological Assumptions 3 The Historical Development
Phonology as Human Behavior
The Identification of Unobservable Units 28 The Statement of the Problem
The Italian and Latin Connections
Combinatory Phonology 53 The Study 56 The Analysis 59 Summary
Theoretical and Methodological Background 88 The Triconsonantal CCC
Panchronic Applications in Hebrew Phonology
Language Acquisition and Phonology as Human Behavior 173 The Role
Defining Language Disorders 196 The Aims of Clinical Linguistics
Phonological Theory and the Speech Clinic 210 Phonology as Human Behavior
Summary and Conclusions
Audiology and Hearing Impairment 255 The Speech of the Hearing Impaired
Aphasia and Phonology as Human Behavior 292 Summary
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acoustic active articulators additional articulators Adjacent Phonetic Environments affricates allophones analysis apex aphasic apical apraxia articulators in adjacent articulatory Broca's aphasia C-III chap chapter clinical cochlear implant communication factor conduction aphasia consonant clusters corpus Davis deaffrication degree of stricture deletion developmental devoicing discussed disfavoring of additional disorders distinctive features distribution Diver Down's syndrome dyspraxia errors explain favored final position frequency fricatives functional processes hearing impaired human behavior human factor initial position Italian Jakobson labial linguistic manner of articulation maximum communication minimal effort mobile musculature nasal neologisms nonrandom normal percent phonemes of aperture phonemes of constriction phonological system phonology as human phonotactic posterodorsal Prague school principles problem produce sets of articulators skewing sounds speakers speech stops stricture and airflow substitutions synergetic theoretical and methodological theory of phonology tion Tobin triconsonantal triconsonantal CCC unstressed syllables versus voiced voiceless vowels word-final position word-initial position