In the wake of the monstrous projects of Hitler, Stalin, Mao, and others in the twentieth century, the idea of utopia has been discredited. Yet, historian Jay Winter suggests, alongside the 'major utopians' who murdered millions in their attempts to transform the world were disparate groups of people trying in their own separate ways to imagine a radically better world. This original book focuses on some of the twentieth-century's 'minor utopias' whose stories, overshadowed by the horrors of the Holocaust and the Gulag, suggest that the future need not be as catastrophic as the past. The book is organized around six key moments when utopian ideas and projects flourished in Europe: 1900 (the Paris World's Fair), 1919 (the Paris Peace Conference), 1937 (the Paris exhibition celebrating science and light), 1948 (the Universal Declaration of Human Rights), 1968 (moral indictments and student revolt), and 1992 (the emergence of visions of global citizenship). Winter considers the dreamers and the nature of their dreams as well as their connections to one another and to the history of utopian thought. By restoring minor utopias to their rightful place in the recent past, Winter fills an important gap in the history of social thought and action in the twentieth century.
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ManlinessUser Review - Not Available - Book Verdict
Harvard government professor Mansfield delves into philosophy, literature and science to define manliness and to argue that it should have a place in an increasingly non-gender-specific society ... Read full review
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abstract Achilles aggression ambition American animal Aristotle Aristotle’s Beauvoir Betty Friedan civilization claim conﬁdence conﬁrm courage Darwin Darwin’s theory deﬁned deﬁnition democracy democratic depend Discourses on Livy equal evolution fact fear female femi feminine Feminine Mystique feminism feminists ﬁght ﬁnd Firestone ﬁrst ﬁt ﬁxed gender neutrality gender-neutral society Hegel Hobbes Hobbes’s honor human Iames Ibid independence individual Iohn justiﬁed Laches less liberal liness live look Machiavelli male man’s manly assertiveness means men’s modern moral nature nature’s ness Nietzsche Nietzsche’s nihilism nurture one’s patriarchy philosophers Plato political polymorphous perversity psychology rational control reason reﬂect regime risk roles Roosevelt Rousseau rule sacriﬁce scientiﬁc Second Sex seems sense sex differences sexual Simone de Beauvoir social Socrates speak species speciﬁc speech stereotypes superior Tarzan things thought thumos tion transcendence truth unmanly virtue woman womanly women women’s movement