Yahweh and the Sun: Biblical and Archaeological Evidence for Sun Worship in Ancient Israel
This challenging provocative book argues that there was in ancient Israel a considerable degree of overlap between the worship of the sun and of Yahweh-even that Yahweh was worshipped as the sun in some contexts. As an object created not by humankind but by God himself, the sun as an object of veneration lay outside the bounds of the second commandment and was considered by many to be an appropriate 'icon' of Yahweh of Hosts. Through its ivestigation of 'solar Yahwism', this book offers fresh insight into several passages (e.g.Genesis 1;32.23-33; Joshua 10.12-14; 1 Kings 8.12; Ezekiel 8.16-18; Psalms 19;104) and archaeological data regarding the orientations of Yawistic temples, the "lmlk" jar handles ,horse figurines, and the Taanach cult stand. The book argues that the struggle between Yahweh and other deities in ancint Israel took place within the context of the development of Yahwism itself.
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Aharoni Ahaz aligned ancient Israel angle Asherah associated attested Baal Beer-sheba Beth-shemesh biblical century BCE chariots Chron context cultic deity Deut Deuteronomistic difﬁculty discussion Edfu Egyptian equinox evidence example Ezek Ezekiel Feast of Booths ﬁg ﬁrst four-winged Gibeon Gibeonite glory grifﬁn Hazor Hebrew Hezekiah Holy horse ﬁgurines Horus Host of Heaven idem identiﬁed imagery inﬂuence interpretation Israel Antiquities Authority Israelite jar handles Jerusalem Judaean Judah Kings Lachish light lmlk Lord Manasseh moon Moreover Mount of Olives nonetheless noted notion offered orientation parallel passage perhaps possible presence Psalm reference reﬂect relevant righteousness rite royal emblem scarab shine signiﬁcance solar deity solar elements solar understanding solar Yahwism Solomonic temple speciﬁcally Stahli suggests sun cult sun disk sun worship symbol Taanach Taanach cult stand theophanies tier tradition understanding of Yahweh winged winged sun Yadin Yahweh as sun Yahweh of Hosts Yahwistic yhwh Zadokite