Energy, Force and Matter: The Conceptual Development of Nineteenth-Century Physics
By focusing on the conceptual issues faced by nineteenth century physicists, this book clarifies the status of field theory, the ether, and thermodynamics in the work of the period. A remarkably synthetic account of a difficult and fragmentary period in scientific development.
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Introduction The Conceptual Structure of NineteenthCentury Physics
The Context of Physical Theory Energy Force and Matter
Energy Physics and Mechanical Explanation
Matter and Force Ether and Field Theories
Matter Theory Problems of Molecular Physics
argued atomic theory Boltzmann caloric theory Carnot cycle chemical affinity chemical atomic chemical elements Clausius Clausius's conservation of energy discussion dynamical theory elastic solid electric and magnetic electrical forces electrodynamics electromagnetic field electromagnetic theory emphasised entropy equations equipartition theorem equivalence of heat ether and matter experimental Faraday Faraday's force law formulation Fourier's Fresnel's fundamental heat engines Helmholtz Hertz hypothesis imponderable fluid irreversibility Joule Joule's kinetic theory law of thermodynamics lines of force living force Lorentz luminiferous ether magnetic forces mathematical Maxwell Maxwell's theory mechanical explanation mechanical model mechanical theory mechanical view molecular motions molecular structure molecules Newtonian nineteenth century nineteenth-century physics offorce optical ordinary matter paper phenomena physical theory physicists polarisation principle problems programme of mechanical quantities Rankine representation rotation second law substances Tait temperature theory of gases theory of heat theory of light theory of molecular thermal tion unified velocity vibrations view of nature vortex