"The Hour of Eugenics": Race, Gender, and Nation in Latin America

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Cornell University Press, 1991 - History - 210 pages
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Eugenics was a term coined in 1883 to name the scientific and social theory which advocated "race improvement" through selective human breeding. In Europe and the United States the eugenics movement found many supporters before it was finally discredited by its association with the racist ideology of Nazi Germany. Examining for the first time how eugenics was taken up by scientists and social reformers in Latin America, Nancy Leys Stepan compares the eugenics movements in Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina with the more familiar cases of Britain, the United States, and Germany.

In this highly original account, Stepan sheds new light on the role of science in reformulating issues of race, gender, reproduction, and public health in an era when the focus on national identity was particularly intense. Drawing upon a rich body of evidence concerning the technical publications and professional meetings of Latin American eugenicists, she examines how they adapted eugenic principles to local contexts between the world wars. Stepan shows that Latin American eugenicists diverged considerably from their counterparts in Europe and the United States in their ideological approach and their interpretations of key texts concerning heredity.

 

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i'm using this book as a text for an undergraduate class that I'm teaching on race and class in Latin America. Its a very accessible text for undergraduates and generally free of confusing academic ... Read full review

Contents

The New Genetics and the Beginnings of Eugenics
21
Its Origins and Institutional
35
Racial Poisons and the Politics of Heredity in Latin
63
Gender and the Construction
102
National Identities and Racial Transformations
135
U S Pan American and Latin Visions of Eugenics
171
Science and the Politics of Interpretation
196
Index
203
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About the author (1991)

Nancy Leys Stepan is Professor Emeritus of History at Columbia University. She is the author of Eradication, "The Hour of Eugenics": Race, Gender, and Nation in Latin America and Picturing Tropical Nature, all from Cornell.

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