Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse: Extending the Pragma-dialectical Theory of Argumentation
John Benjamins Publishing, 2010 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 308 pages
In "Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse," Frans H. van Eemeren" "brings together the dialectical and the rhetorical dimensions of argumentation by introducing the concept of strategic maneuvering. Strategic maneuvering refers to the arguer s continual efforts to reconcile aiming for effectiveness with being reasonable. It takes place in all stages of argumentative discourse and manifests itself simultaneously in the choices that are made from the topical potential available at a particular stage, in adaptation to audience demand, and in the use of specific presentational devices. Strategic maneuvering derails when in the specific context in which the discourse takes place a rule for critical discussion has been violated, so that a fallacy has been committed. Van Eemeren makes clear that extending the pragma-dialectical approach to argumentation by taking account of strategic maneuvering leads to a richer and more precise method for analyzing and evaluating argumentative discourse."
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1 Analyzing argumentative discourse
2 Strategic maneuvering between effectiveness and reasonableness
3 Dialectical and rhetorical perspectives on argumentative discourse
4 Three inseparable aspects of strategic maneuvering
5 Strategic maneuvering in conventionalized communicative practices
6 Determining the strategic function of argumentative moves
7 Fallacies as derailments of strategic maneuvering
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acceptable According accusation advertorial aimed analysis analytic overview antagonist approach argu arguer argument from authority argument schemes argumentation stage argumentation theorists argumentative discourse argumentative moves argumentative practice argumentative situation Aristotle Aristotle’s Boethius burden of proof choice classical commitments communicative activity types concept concerned concessions concluding stage confrontation stage context criteria critical discussion critical rationalist defend derailments dialectic and rhetoric dialectical profile difference of opinion domain Eemeren & Grootendorst effectiveness endoxa evaluation fact fallacies Houtlosser inconsistency instance interaction involved Ken Saro-Wiwa Krabbe’s logical macro-context material starting points means ment mentation mode of strategic Nigeria normative one’s opening stage particular party party’s Perelman perlocution persuasion pertinent political pragma-dialectical pragmatic premises presentational principle problem procedure proposition protagonist reasonableness reconstruction regarding relevant resolution process resolving a difference rules for critical Shell specific speech acts standpoint at issue strategic function strategic maneuvering tegic theoretical Tindale tion tive topical topoi Trouw van Eemeren