Social Identity, Intergroup Conflict, and Conflict Reduction
Richard D. Ashmore, Lee Jussim, David Wilder
Oxford University Press, Aug 9, 2001 - Psychology - 288 pages
How are group-based identities related to intergroup conflict? When and how do ethnic, religious, and national identities lead to oppression, violence, rebellion, war, mass murder, and genocide? How do intergroup conflicts change people's identities? How might social identity be harnessed in the service of reducing conflict between groups? The chapters in this book present a sophisticated and detailed interdisciplinary analysis of the most fundamental issues in understanding identity and conflict.
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African Americans American identity Ashmore Asians attitudes basic behavior blacks Bosnia Brewer British Catholic chapter Chauvinism Citrin concept Croats cultural data set differentiation dimensions distinctiveness Eriksen ethnic and national ethnic groups ethnic identity ethnocentrism evaluation example experiences feelings Fijians flict genocide group identity hindutva Hispanics Hutus iden identification identity politics ideology immigrants important individual ingroup ingroup bias intergroup conflict intergroup relations Irish Republican Israel Israeli-Palestinian Israeli-Palestinian conflict Israelis issues Jussim Kelman Latinos mass killing minority multiculturalism narrative national attachment national identity negotiating Northern Ireland one’s other’s outgroup Palestinian patriotism percent perspective positive Protestant paramilitaries racial refugees relationship respondents right of return role identity Rwanda self-categorization self-concept sense Serbs shared Sidanius and Petrocik Sinn Féin social groups social identity Social Psychology society Staub symbolic Tajfel theory threat tion Tutsis Ulster University Press versus victims violence White workshops York
Page 18 - Each group nourishes its own pride and vanity, boasts itself superior, exalts its own divinities, and looks with contempt on outsiders. Each group thinks its own folkways the only right ones, and if it observes that other groups have other folkways, these excite its scorn. Opprobrious epithets are derived from these differences. "Pig-eater," "cow-eater," "uncircumcised," "jabberers," are epithets of contempt and abomination.
Page 6 - Tajfel's (1981) social identity theory we find a definition of social identity as, ' . . . that part of an individual's self-concept which derives from his knowledge of his membership of a social group (or groups) together with the value and emotional significance attached to that membership
Page 18 - The relation of comradeship and peace in the we-group and that of hostility and war towards others-groups are correlative to each other. The exigencies of war with outsiders are what make peace inside, lest internal discord should weaken the we-group for war.
Page 18 - The insiders in a we-group are in a relation of peace, order, law, government, and industry, to each other. Their relation to all outsiders, or others-groups, is one of war and plunder, except so far as agreements have modified it.
Page 18 - Sentiments are produced to correspond. Loyalty to the group, sacrifice for it, hatred and contempt for outsiders, brotherhood within, warlikeness without, — all grow together, common products of the same situation.
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