Attosecond and Strong-Field Physics: Principles and Applications
Probing and controlling electrons and nuclei in matter at the attosecond timescale became possible with the generation of attosecond pulses by few-cycle intense lasers, and has revolutionized our understanding of atomic structure and molecular processes. This book provides an intuitive approach to this emerging field, utilizing simplified models to develop a clear understanding of how matter interacts with attosecond pulses of light. An introductory chapter outlines the structure of atoms and molecules and the properties of a focused laser beam. Detailed discussion of the fundamental theory of attosecond and strong-field physics follows, including the molecular tunnelling ionization model (MO-ADK theory), the quantitative rescattering (QRS) model, and the laser induced electronic diffraction (LIED) theory for probing the change of atomic configurations in a molecule. Highlighting the cutting-edge developments in attosecond and strong field physics, and identifying future opportunities and challenges, this self-contained text is invaluable for students and researchers in the field.
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Basic Formulation of Interactions between an Intense Laser Pulse and Atoms
StrongField Ionization and LowEnergy Electron Spectra of Atoms and Molecules
Rescattering and LaserInduced Electron Diffraction
Fundamentals of HighOrder Harmonic Generation
HHG Spectroscopy and Optimization of Harmonics
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absorption al.,Phys alignment American Physical Society amplitude angle angular approximation atomic attosecond pulses axis B-At beam bond length C. D. Lin calculated chirped continuum Copyrighted Coulomb cross-section delay density distribution driving laser dynamics eigenstates electric field electron energy electron wave packet Equation excited experiment extracted Fano resonance femtosecond FROG–CRAB Gaussian Gaussian beam group delay Hamiltonian HHG spectra high harmonics high-order harmonic intense laser ionization potential ionization probability ionization rate laser field laser intensity laser pulse Lett low-energy measured method MO-ADK molecular molecular orbital molecules nm laser obtained optical orbital oscillation parameters phase matching photoelectron photoionization photon Photon energy Phys polarization potential probe propagation QRS theory Reprinted rescattering retrieved returning electron scattering Section shown in Figure simulation spectrogram spectrum strong-field symmetry target TDSE theoretical time-dependent transition dipole tunnel ionization vibrational wave packet wavefunction wavelength XUV pulse