The Emergence of Reflexivity in Greek Language and Thought: From Homer to Plato and Beyond
Contemporary preoccupation with the self and the rise of comparative anthropology have renewed scholarly interest in the forms of personhood current in Ancient Greece. However the word which translates self most literally, the intensive adjective and reflexive morpheme , and its critical role in the construction of human being have for the most part been neglected. This monograph rights the imbalance by redirecting attention to the diachronic development of the heavily marked reflexive system and its exploitation by thinkers to articulate an increasingly reflexive and non-dialogical understanding of the human subject and its world. It argues that these two developmental trajectories are connected and provides new insight into the intellectual history of subjectivity in the West.
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1 Thought And Language
3 Early Lyric Iambus And Elegy
4 The Presocratics
5 Conscience And The Reflexivisation Of Sunoida
6 Tragedy And Comedy
Index Nominum et Rerum
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Alcibiades Anaxagoras Antiphon argue argument Aristotle atman becomes body characterisation complex reexive concept conscience consciousness context cultural Democritus dened denition dierent eect emphatic entity ethical Euripides example fragment grammaticalisation Greek Heraclitus Hippolytus Homer human idea identity individual intensier internalisation interpretation inuence Isocrates later moral morpheme nominalisation non-reexive notion object ofthe one’s oneself ontological other-directed Parmenides person philosophical phrase Plato possessive possessive adjective Presocratic pronominal reexive Protagoras psychic psychological reection reects reex reexive constructions reexive pronoun reexive system reexive’s reexivisation relation self-relation self-suciency semantic sense Socrates soul specic Stobaeus suering thing thing-in-itself thinking thought tragedy transcendental transitive verb ατ κα ατν αυτν γρ δι ει εναι κα τ κακ κατ λγ λλ µν νν παρ περ πντα πρ πρι ρα σαυτ σαυτν σι στι στιν τ αυτ τε τν υµ ψυ