Practical Clinical Endodontics
This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. A practical, highly illustrated guide to endodontics for the primary care dentist.
A practical and accessible guide to endodontics for the general dentist.
Brings together new technologies available for treatment with the increasing biological understanding of endodontic disease processes.
Comprehensively illustrated by the authors' own cases.
Presents key aspects of primary treatment, root canal re-treatment and periradicular surgery.
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The scientiﬁc basis for treating endodontic infection
History diagnosis case selection and treatment planning
Root canal anatomy and access
Root canal preparation objectives and instruments
Cleaning and shaping techniques
access cavity apical foramen apical periodontitis apical third bacteria canal anatomy Cleaning and shaping CLINICAL ENDODONTICS Figure cone conﬁrmed curvature curved canals debridement dentine diagnosis difﬁcult ensure ﬁles ﬁlling material ﬁnishing ﬁrst ﬂap ﬂoor ﬂutes Gates-Gliddens GT ﬁles gutta-percha hand ﬁles handpiece incision incisor infected inﬂammation Int Endod internal resorption irrigating solutions length lesion magniﬁcation molar nickel titanium obturation Oral Med Oral Oral Pathol Oral Surg Oral patient perforation periapical tissues periodontal ligament periodontium periradicular surgery placement post and core PRACTICAL CLINICAL ENDODONTICS premolar Preoperative radiograph prior ProTaper pulp chamber pulpal pulpitis radiograph removal resection resorption restoration result ROOT CANAL ANATOMY root canal preparation ROOT CANAL RETREATMENT root canal system root canal therapy root end root ﬁlling root fracture rotary NiTi rubber dam sealer silver points spreader stainless steel straight line access surgical taper techniques teeth tion tooth ultrasonic ultrasonic tip vertical condensation Weine type
Page 105 - Torabinejad M., Watson TF, Pitt Ford TR: Sealing ability of a mineral trioxide aggregate when used as a root end filling material, f Endod 19, 591-595(1993).